Comparison of warfarin versus DOACs in patients with concomitant indication for oral anticoagulation undergoing TAVI; results from the ATLAS registry

Abstract

The optimal antithrombotic therapy for patients undergoing TAVI with concomitant indication for oral anticoagulation remains unclear. In this high-risk population group, there is a paucity of data with regards to the use of DOACs. In the present study we compared long-term clinical outcomes of TAVI patients requiring anticoagulation, treated with warfarin versus DOACs. Consecutive patients, who underwent TAVI with indication for oral anticoagulation from the multicenter ATLAS registry were studied and divided in two groups depending on the chosen anticoagulation regimen, warfarin vs. DOACs. 30-day survival, as well as estimated 1 and 2-year all-cause mortality were compared between groups. The secondary endpoint included in-hospital major or life-threatening bleeding. The study group included 217 patients (102 treated with warfarin; 115 treated with DOACs). Kaplan–Meier estimated survival was found to be statistically similar in the warfarin and DOAC groups (90.6% vs. 93.7% for 1-year and 84.5% vs. 88.5%, for 2-year survival, respectively, Plog-rank = 0.984). Adjusted hazard ratio for all cause mortality was similar between the two groups (HRwarfarin vs. DOAC = 1.15; 95% CI 0.33 to 4.04, p = 0.829). Propensity matching revealed similar results. At 30-days, all-cause mortality was found to be comparable between the two groups. With regards to BARC defined bleeding complications, major and life-threatening complications did not differ between the two anticoagulation groups (6% vs. 8% for warfarin and DOACs respectively, p = 0.857). DOACs seem to demonstrate a similar safety and efficacy profile compared to warfarin in TAVI patients with a concomitant indication for oral anticoagulation.

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Correspondence to Vasileios Panoulas.

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Kalogeras, K., Jabbour, R.J., Ruparelia, N. et al. Comparison of warfarin versus DOACs in patients with concomitant indication for oral anticoagulation undergoing TAVI; results from the ATLAS registry. J Thromb Thrombolysis 50, 82–89 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11239-019-01968-w

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Keywords

  • TAVI
  • Warfarin
  • DOACs
  • Survival
  • Bleeding