Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 807–822 | Cite as

A dynamic MBS zone framework for cost-effective inter-MBS zone handover in WiMAX networks

  • Lung-Sheng Lee
  • Kuochen WangEmail author
  • Yi-Huai Hsu


To synchronize multicast broadcast service (MBS) zone data transmissions, the WiMAX standard defines a coordination mechanism to coordinate data transmissions over the WiMAX network; however, the packet loss recovery procedures, which are parts of the coordination mechanism, enlarge packet transmission latency and packet buffer pool requirement. Therefore, we propose an in-frame control (IFC) scheme to decrease packet error rate and packet retransmission count, so as to reduce the packet transmission latency and packet buffer pool requirement. To support level-2 frame-offset coordination, we also propose a dynamic MBS zone (DMZ) framework that can provide data continuity between any two adjacent MBS zones. Based on the proposed DMZ framework, a seamless dynamic inter-MBS zone handover (called DMZ HO) scheme is proposed to resolve the data discontinuity (or packet loss) problem during inter-MBS zone HO. Compared to the WiMAX standard scheme, the proposed IFC scheme reduces packet error rate and packet retransmission count by 49.8 and 49.73 %, respectively. The proposed DMZ HO scheme also outperforms an overlapping zones (OLZ) scheme in terms of channel occupation time and channel bandwidth consumption (in terms of channel idle ratio). Therefore, by resolving data discontinuity, the proposed DMZ HO scheme is more cost-effective and more feasible in providing smooth multimedia content delivery services without disruption to multiple mobile stations (MSs) during HO, and thus will enhance user experience.


Frame-offset coordination Handover  MBS zone WiMAX 



This work was supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, under Grants NSC102-2221-E-009-090-MY3 and MOST103-2622-E-009 -012.


  1. 1.
    Gonchigsumlaa, K., Kim, Y.-I., & Doopalam, E. (2013). Performance analysis of MBS handover for mobile WiMAX. In: Proceedings of the IEEE ICACT (pp. 29–32), Feb 2012. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lim, S.-H., Kim, Y.-I., & Ryu, W. (2012). Dynamic MBS zone configuration mechanism for MCBCS over mobile WiMAX. in Proceedings of the IEEE ICACT (pp. 287–290), Feburary 2012. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Calabuig, J., Monserrat, J. F., Martin-Sacristan, D., & Olmos, J. (2014). Comparison of multicast/broadcast services in long term evolution advanced and IEEE 802.16m networks. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 14(7), 717–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    IEEE Standard for local and metropolitan area networks—Part16: Air interface for fixed broadband wireless access systems, IEEE Std. 802.16-2009, May (2009).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    WiMAX forum network architecture—System requirements, network protocols and architecture for multicast and broadcast services, dynamic service flow based (MCBCS–DSx), Rel. 1.5, Ver. 1, Draft 0, Nov. (2009).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee, J. H., Pack, S., Kwon, T., & Choi, Y. (2011). Reducing handover delay by location management in mobile WiMAX multicast and broadcast services. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 60, 605–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hu, K.-H., Fu, H.-L., Lin, P. (2010). Design of zone configuration scheme for wireless zone-based multicast and broadcast service. In: Proceedings of the ACM IWCMC (pp. 178–182) June 2010. ACM, New York.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, Y.-Y., & Lu, C.-C. (1995). Error performance analysis in concatenated digital transmission systems by two-layered modeling. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 43(2/3/4), 1356–1364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Asmussen, S. (1987). Applied probability and queues. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pang, A.-C., Lin, Y.-B., Tsai, H.-M., & Agrawal, P. (2004). Serving radio network controller relocation for UMTS All-IP network. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 22(4), 617–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fang, Y., & Chlamtac, I. (1999). Teletraffic analysis and mobility modeling of PCS networks. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 47(7), 1062–1072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kleinrock, L. (1975). Queuing systems: Theory (Vol. 1). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee, L. S., & Wang, K. (2010). Design and analysis of a network assisted fast handover scheme for IEEE 802.16e networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 59(2), 869–883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Leland, W. E., Taqqu, M. S., Willinger, W., & Wilson, D. V. (1994). On the self similar nature of ethernet traffic. IEEE Transactions on Networking, 2(1), 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

Personalised recommendations