BCMCS (Broadcast and Multicast Services) are designed to provide media broadcast in cellular networks. In designing media broadcast protocols and systems, such as BCMCS, delay must be thoroughly considered because it is the key QoS parameter in multimedia applications. This paper investigate the forward error correction (FEC) delay using Reed-Solomon (RS) code related to the temporal behavior of Rayleigh fading. We implemented the evaluation framework for the RS decoding delay employing analytic and simulation-based approaches. An analytic method and a simulation approach are combined in a unified environment exploiting Java programming language, ARM9 processor simulator and Mathematica coupled together. This framework enables us to estimate various statistics required to ensure seamless multimedia services.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Wang, J., Sinnarajaj, R., Chen, T., Wei, Y., & Tiedemann, E. (2004). Broadcast and multicast services in cdma2000. IEEE Communications Magazine, 42(2), 76–82.
Agashe, P., Rezaiifar, R., & Bender, P. (2004). CDMA2000 high rate broadcast packet data air interface design. IEEE Communications Magazine, 42(2), 83–89.
CDMA2000 high rate broadcast-multicast packet data air interface specification. 3GPP2 Std. C.S0054-A Rev. 1.0, March 2006.
Kang, K., Cho, Y., & Shin, H. (2007). Energy-efficient MAC-layer error recovery for mobile multimedia applications in 3GPP2 BCMCS. IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, 53(1), 338–349.
Cho, Y., Kang, K., & Shin, H. (2007). Seamless multimedia broadcasting over cdma2000 BCMCS networks. In Proceedings IEEE ICC (pp. 5628–5635).
Kang, K., Kim, C., Noh, D. K., & Ryu, J. (2008) Modeling the execution time of reed-solomon decoding on an ARM9-based mobile platform, In Proceedings of ICCCN/PMECT.
Blahut, R. E. (1983). Theory and practice of error control codes. Reading: Addison-Wesley.
Kang, K. (2008). Probabilistic analysis of data interleaving for Reed-Solomon coding in BCMCS. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 7(10), 3878–3888.
Parry, R. (2002). cdma2000 1xEV-DO [for 3G communications]. IEEE Potentials, 21(4), 10–13.
Bender, P., Black, P., Grob, M., Padovani, R., Sindhushayana, N., & Viterbi, A. (2000). CDMA/HDR: a bandwidth-efficient high-speed wireless data service for nomadic users. IEEE Communications Magazine, 38(7), 70–77.
Zorzi, M., Rao, R. R., & Milstein, L. B. (1997). ARQ error control on fading mobile radio channels. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 46(2), 445–455.
Zorzi, M., Rao, R. R., & Milstein, L. B. (1998). Error statistics in data transmission over fading channels. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 46(11), 1468–1477.
Zorzi, M., & Rao, R. R. (1997). On the statistics of block errors in bursty channels. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 45(6), 660–667.
Wang, H. S. (1996). On verifying the first-order Markovian assumption for a Rayleigh fading channel model. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 45(2), 353–357.
Mushkin, M., & Bar-David, I. (1989). Capacity and coding for the Gilbert- Elliott channels. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 35(6), 1277–1290.
Jakes, W. C. (1994). Microwave mobile communications. New York: Wiley-IEEE Press.
This research was supported by the MKE (The Ministry of Knowledge Economy), Korea, under the ITRC (Information Technology Research Center) support program supervised by the IITA (Institute for Information Technology Advancement) (IITA-2009-C1090-0902-0015)
This work was also supported by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD) (KRF-2007-357-D00174).
About this article
Cite this article
Kim, C., Kang, K., Noh, D.K. et al. Timing evaluation of MAC-layer error control on ARM9-based mobile embedded systems. Telecommun Syst 45, 329–337 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11235-009-9271-9