Institutional leadership and management are two entirely different, yet intimately intertwined, aspects of the overall effective functioning of a higher education institution (HEI). This paper is intended to (1) define and differentiate between the two concepts, (2) critically discuss their importance and vital interdependence, (3) discuss circumstances that can create conflict or compatibility between these concepts, (4) critically examine models of strategic planning and suggest a better approach to this process, and (5) offer suggestions for the improvement of both leadership and management in the context of co-existence within a redefined strategic planning environment.
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Taylor, J., Machado, M.D.L. Higher Education Leadership and Management: From Conflict to Interdependence through Strategic Planning. Tert Educ Manag 12, 137–160 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11233-006-0003-3