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Pseudobacciger cheneyae n. sp. (Digenea: Gymnophalloidea) from Weber’s chromis (Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean) (Perciformes: Pomacentridae) at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia

Abstract

A new species of digenean, Pseudobacciger cheneyae n. sp., is described from the intestines of Weber’s chromis (Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean) from off Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. This species differs from the three described species of Pseudobacciger Nahhas & Cable, 1964 [P. cablei Madhavi, 1975, P. harengulae Yamaguti, 1938 and P. manteri Nahhas & Cable, 1964] in combinations of the size of the suckers and the length of the caeca. The host of the present species is a perciform (Family Pomacentridae) which contrasts with previous records of the genus which are almost exclusively from clupeiform fishes. The genus Pseudobacciger is presently recognised within the family Faustulidae (Poche, 1926) but phylogenetic analyses of 28S and ITS2 rDNA show that the new species bears no relationship to species of four other faustulid genera (Antorchis Linton, 1911, Bacciger Nicoll, 1924, Paradiscogaster Yamaguti, 1934 and Trigonocryptus Martin, 1958) but that instead it is nested within the Gymnophalloidea (Odhner, 1905) as sister to the Tandanicolidae (Johnston, 1927). This result suggests that the Faustulidae is polyphyletic.

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Figs. 1–2
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Notes

  1. 1.

    urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act: 369B1E27-B899-48CD-ACD6-0893B314C1C4.

  2. 2.

    urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act: AB0A60B3-E5AC-4EE4-8990-8664A738A1E9.

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Acknowledgements

We thank K. L. Cheney and E. C. McClure for their help collecting specimens and the staff of the Lizard Island Research Station for their support. This work was funded by an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant awarded to T. H. Cribb and a Sea World Research and Rescue Foundation (SWRRFI) awarded to D. Sun and T. H. Cribb.

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Sun, D., Bray, R.A., Yong, R.QY. et al. Pseudobacciger cheneyae n. sp. (Digenea: Gymnophalloidea) from Weber’s chromis (Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean) (Perciformes: Pomacentridae) at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Syst Parasitol 88, 141–152 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-014-9494-3

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Keywords

  • Present Form
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Ventral Sucker
  • Oral Sucker
  • Maximum Likelihood Analysis