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Non-concrete parts of material objects

  • Michael Tze-Sung Longenecker


This article offers a novel solution to the problem of material constitution: by including non-concrete objects among the parts of material objects, we can avoid having a statue and its constituent piece of clay composed of all the same proper parts. Non-concrete objects—objects that aren’t concrete, but possibly are—have been used (by Bernard Linsky, Ed Zalta and Timothy Williamson) in defense of the claim that everything necessarily exists. But the account offered shows that non-concreta are independently useful in other domains as well. The resulting view falls under a ‘nonmaterial partist’ class of views that includes, in particular, Laurie Paul’s and Kathrin Koslicki’s constitution views; ones where material objects have properties or structures as parts respectively. The article gives reasons for preferring the non-concretist solution over these other non-material partist views and defends it against objections.


Material constitution Non-concrete Mereological bundle theory Mereological hylomorphism Modal parts 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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