, Volume 193, Issue 8, pp 2519–2537 | Cite as

Social norms and unthinkable options

  • Ulf  Hlobil


We sometimes violate social norms in order to express our views and to trigger public debates. Many extant accounts of social norms don’t give us any insight into this phenomenon. Drawing on Cristina Bicchieri’s work, I am putting forward an empirical hypothesis that helps us to understand such norm violations. The hypothesis says, roughly, that we often adhere to norms because we are systematically blind to norm-violating options. I argue that this hypothesis is independently plausible and has interesting consequences. It implies, e.g., that some experimental paradigms for investigating social norms have hitherto unnoticed shortcomings.


Social norms Norm violation Motivation Social preference Game Theory Political activism 



Thanks to James Woodward, Robert Brandom, Sally Haslanger, Rebekka Gersbach, and three anonymous referees for extremely helpful comments, debates and a lot of patience.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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