, Volume 190, Issue 11, pp 1937–1954

Philosophical intervention and cross-disciplinary science: the story of the Toolbox Project


DOI: 10.1007/s11229-012-0175-y

Cite this article as:
O’Rourke, M. & Crowley, S.J. Synthese (2013) 190: 1937. doi:10.1007/s11229-012-0175-y


In this article we argue that philosophy can facilitate improvement in cross-disciplinary science. In particular, we discuss in detail the Toolbox Project, an effort in applied epistemology that deploys philosophical analysis for the purpose of enhancing collaborative, cross-disciplinary scientific research through improvements in cross-disciplinary communication. We begin by sketching the scientific context within which the Toolbox Project operates, a context that features a growing interest in and commitment to cross-disciplinary research (CDR). We then develop an argument for the leading idea behind this effort, namely, that philosophical dialogue can improve cross-disciplinary science by effecting epistemic changes that lead to better group communication. On the heels of this argument, we describe our approach and its output; in particular, we emphasize the Toolbox instrument that generates philosophical dialogue and the Toolbox workshop in which that dialogue takes place. Together, these constitute a philosophical intervention into the life of CDR teams. We conclude by considering the philosophical implications of this intervention.


Toolbox Project Philosophical intervention Applied epistemology Cross-disciplinary research Collaboration Communication 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA

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