Epistemic dependence in interdisciplinary groups
- 841 Downloads
In interdisciplinary research scientists have to share and integrate knowledge between people and across disciplinary boundaries. An important issue for philosophy of science is to understand how scientists who work in these kinds of environments exchange knowledge and develop new concepts and theories across diverging fields. There is a substantial literature within social epistemology that discusses the social aspects of scientific knowledge, but so far few attempts have been made to apply these resources to the analysis of interdisciplinary science. Further, much of the existing work either ignores the issue of differences in background knowledge, or it focuses explicitly on conflicting background knowledge. In this paper we provide an analysis of the interplay between epistemic dependence between individual experts with different areas of expertise. We analyze the cooperative activity they engage in when participating in interdisciplinary research in a group, and we compare our findings with those of other studies in interdisciplinary research.
KeywordsTrading Zone Judgment Aggregation Shared Mental Model Social Epistemology Joint Commitment
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Evans R., Collins H. (2010) Interactional expertise and the imitation game. In: Gorman M. E. (eds) Trading zones and interactional expertise: Creating new kinds of collaboration. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp 53–70Google Scholar
- Fagan, M. B. (2009). Collaboration, toward an integrative philosophy of scientific practice. PhilSci Archive. Retrieved April 28, 2012 from http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/4804/.
- Galison P. (1996) Computer simulation and the trading zone. In: Galison P., Stump D. (eds) The disunity of science. Boundaries, contexts, and power. Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp 118–157Google Scholar
- Gilbert M. (2000) Collective belief and scientific change. In: Gilbert M. (eds) Sociality and responsibility. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, pp 37–49Google Scholar
- Gorman M. E. (2010) Trading zones and interactional expertise. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- List C., Pettit P. (2002) Aggregating sets of judgments: An impossibilty result. Economics and Philosophy 18: 89–110Google Scholar
- Nersessian N. J., Patton C. (2009) Model-based reasoning in interdisciplinary engineering. In: Meijers A. (eds) Handbook of the philosophy of technology and engineering sciences. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 687–718Google Scholar
- Pettit P. (2003) Groups with minds of their own. In: Schmitt F. F. (eds) Socializing metaphysics. The nature of social reality. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, pp 167–193Google Scholar