Synthese

, Volume 189, Supplement 1, pp 147–160 | Cite as

The rationality of different kinds of intuitive decision processes

  • Marc Jekel
  • Andreas Glöckner
  • Susann Fiedler
  • Arndt Bröder
Article

Abstract

Whereas classic work in judgment and decision making has focused on the deviation of intuition from rationality, more recent research has focused on the performance of intuition in real-world environments. Borrowing from both approaches, we investigate to which extent competing models of intuitive probabilistic decision making overlap with choices according to the axioms of probability theory and how accurate those models can be expected to perform in real-world environments. Specifically, we assessed to which extent heuristics, models implementing weighted additive information integration (WADD), and the parallel constraint satisfaction (PCS) network model approximate the Bayesian solution and how often they lead to correct decisions in a probabilistic decision task. PCS and WADD outperform simple heuristics on both criteria with an approximation of 88.8 % and a performance of 73.7 %. Results are discussed in the light of selection of intuitive processes by reinforcement learning.

Keywords

Rationality Intuitive decision processes Model comparison 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Jekel
    • 1
  • Andreas Glöckner
    • 1
  • Susann Fiedler
    • 1
  • Arndt Bröder
    • 2
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective GoodsBonnGermany
  2. 2.University of MannheimMannheimGermany

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