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Are creationists rational?

Abstract

Creationism is usually regarded as an irrational set of beliefs. In this paper I propose that the best way to understand why individual learners settle on any mature set of beliefs is to see that as the developmental outcome of a series of “fast and frugal” boundedly rational inferences rather than as a rejection of reason. This applies to those whose views are opposed to science in general. A bounded rationality model of belief choices both serves to explain the fact that folk traditions tend to converge on “anti-modernity”, and to act as a default hypothesis, deviations from which we can use to identify other, arational, influences such as social psychological, economic and individual dispositions. I propose some educational and public policy strategies that might decrease the proportion of learners who find creationism and anti-science in general a rational choice.

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Correspondence to John S. Wilkins.

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Wilkins, J.S. Are creationists rational?. Synthese 178, 207–218 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-009-9544-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-009-9544-6

Keywords

  • Bounded rationality
  • Epistemic commitment
  • Creationism
  • Anti-modernism