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The Journal of Supercomputing

, Volume 72, Issue 12, pp 4438–4467 | Cite as

Compact network reconfiguration in fat-trees

  • Feroz Zahid
  • Ernst Gunnar Gran
  • Bartosz Bogdański
  • Bjørn Dag Johnsen
  • Tor Skeie
  • Evangelos Tasoulas
Article

Abstract

In large high-performance computing systems, the probability of component failure is high. At the same time, for a sustained system performance, reconfiguration is often needed to ensure high utilization of available resources. Reconfiguration in interconnection networks, like InfiniBand (IB), typically involves computation and distribution of a new set of routes in order to maintain connectivity and performance. In general, current routing algorithms do not consider the existing routes in a network when calculating new ones. Such configuration-oblivious routing might result in substantial modifications to the existing paths, and the reconfiguration becomes costly as it potentially involves a large number of source–destination pairs. In this paper, we propose a novel routing algorithm for IB-based fat-tree topologies, SlimUpdate. SlimUpdate employs path preservation techniques to achieve a decrease of up to 80 % in the number of total path modifications, as compared to the OpenSM’s fat-tree routing algorithm, in most reconfiguration scenarios. Furthermore, we present a metabase-aided re-routing method for fat-trees, based on destination leaf-switch multipathing. Our proposed method significantly reduces network reconfiguration overhead, while providing greater routing flexibility. On successive runs, our proposed method saves up to 85 % of the total routing time over the traditional re-routing scheme. Based on the metabase-aided routing, we also present a modified SlimUpdate routing algorithm to dynamically optimize routes for a given MPI node order.

Keywords

Routing algorithms Interconnection networks Network reconfiguration Fat-trees InfiniBand 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Mellanox Technologies for providing some of the hardware we use in our experiments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feroz Zahid
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ernst Gunnar Gran
    • 1
  • Bartosz Bogdański
    • 2
  • Bjørn Dag Johnsen
    • 2
  • Tor Skeie
    • 1
    • 3
  • Evangelos Tasoulas
    • 1
  1. 1.Simula Research LaboratoryFornebuNorway
  2. 2.Oracle CorporationOsloNorway
  3. 3.Department of InformaticsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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