Historical review and future challenges in Supercomputing and Networks of Scientific Communication
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- Fernández-González, Á., Rosillo, R., Miguel-Dávila, J.Á. et al. J Supercomput (2015) 71: 4476. doi:10.1007/s11227-015-1544-3
Supercomputing involves not only the development and provision of infrastructures of large capacity for the scientific and business community, but a new way to manage the tasks of research, development and innovation, making it necessary to use high-capacity communication networks that allow the transfer of a great volume of data between research and high-performance computing facilities. When first implemented, the use of supercomputers occurred mainly in the military field, at which point they were very rudimentary, offering little possibility of communication networking. Over the years, the improvement of security, privacy and service quality in information exchange has facilitated the creation of large networks for scientific communication, which in turn have allowed the incorporation of infrastructures for high-performance computing into the improvement of science. This paper analyzes the evolution of Supercomputing and Scientific Communications Networks by means of a critical review of its present state, as well as identifies the main uses today and predicts the challenges of the future uses of this type of advanced services.