The Journal of Supercomputing

, Volume 71, Issue 12, pp 4476–4503 | Cite as

Historical review and future challenges in Supercomputing and Networks of Scientific Communication

  • Álvaro Fernández-González
  • Rafael Rosillo
  • José Ángel Miguel-Dávila
  • Vicente Matellán


Supercomputing involves not only the development and provision of infrastructures of large capacity for the scientific and business community, but a new way to manage the tasks of research, development and innovation, making it necessary to use high-capacity communication networks that allow the transfer of a great volume of data between research and high-performance computing facilities. When first implemented, the use of supercomputers occurred mainly in the military field, at which point they were very rudimentary, offering little possibility of communication networking. Over the years, the improvement of security, privacy and service quality in information exchange has facilitated the creation of large networks for scientific communication, which in turn have allowed the incorporation of infrastructures for high-performance computing into the improvement of science. This paper analyzes the evolution of Supercomputing and Scientific Communications Networks by means of a critical review of its present state, as well as identifies the main uses today and predicts the challenges of the future uses of this type of advanced services.


Supercomputing Simulations Network of Scientific Communication Scientific collaboration Energy consumption 



The authors acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Competitiveness Grant (ECO2012-35439). The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álvaro Fernández-González
    • 1
  • Rafael Rosillo
    • 1
  • José Ángel Miguel-Dávila
    • 1
  • Vicente Matellán
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Business Sciences, Fundación Centro de Supercomputación de Castilla y LeónUniversity of LeónLeónSpain
  2. 2.Computer Science FacultyUniversity of LeónLeónSpain

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