Structural analysis and antitumor potential of novel 5,6-disubstituted-17a-homo-17-oxa-androstane derivatives
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Starting from 3β-acetoxy-17a-homo-17-oxa-androst-5-en-16-one (1) and in the reaction with N-bromoacetamide (NBA) and perchloric acid, the 5α-bromo-6β-hydroxy (2), 5β,6β-epoxy (3) and 5α,6β-dibromo (4) derivatives were obtained. The structure of compounds 2–4, particularly stereochemistry at C5 and C6, is established by detailed NMR and X-ray analysis. The in vitro antiproliferative activity of newly synthesized compounds 2–4 against six human tumor cell lines was evaluated. All three compounds showed a significant toxicity toward hormone-independent breast adenocarcinoma MDA-MB-231 and cervical carcinoma cells HeLa, while dibromo derivative 4 was active toward five human cancer cell lines. These new 5,6-disubstituted-D-homolactone steroidal compounds have also displayed selectivity toward cancerous cell lines against inactivity found for noncancerous control cell line. This selectivity was not found for control compound, well-known chemotherapy drug cisplatin.
KeywordsD-homoandrostane lactone Halogen derivatives NMR studies X-ray structural analysis Antiproliferative activity
We thank the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia for financial support (Grant No. 172021).
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