Advertisement

Strength of Materials

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 79–91 | Cite as

Prediction of a High Temperature Bonding Condition at the Interface for the Hot-Rolled Stainless Steel Clad Plate on Rolling

  • B. Guan
  • B. Y. Chen
  • Y. Zang
  • Q. Qin
Article

The stainless steel-carbon steel clad plate was investigated using the theoretical analysis of various factors influencing the high-temperature interfacial bonding during its rolling. Phenomenological prediction analysis model of interfacial bonding strength at high temperature which considers the vacuum depth, rolling temperature, and rolling reduction, was established. The specific thermal simulation experiment was designed. The bonding strengths of carbon steel and stainless steel at 1000~1200°C and compression degree of 10~30% were measured by a Gleeble 3500 thermal simulator, as a result, the interfacial bonding ratio was obtained. The results show that the bonding ratio is 0.5–0.65 at the experimental temperature and compression degree. The numerical simulation method was used to analyze the influence of the compression degree of the first pass for a 2000 × 1500 × 100 mm stainless steel clad plate under the interfacial bonding conditions. The simulation results show that the optimum compression degree of the first pass is 15–20% at the rolling temperature of 1200°C.

Keywords

hot-rolling stainless steel clad plate bonding interface bond strength prediction model 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2013AA031302), Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (No. 3154036), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (No. FRF-TP-16-010A3).

References

  1. 1.
    L. Li, K. Nagai, and F. X. Yin, “Progress in cold roll bonding of metals,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mat., 9, No. 2, 023001 (2008), DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1088/1468-6996/9/2/023001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Yang, X. Zuo, M. Zhao, and J. Wang, “Research progress of manufacturing technology for stainless steel clad plate hot,” Work. Technol., 20, 027 (2012).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. H. Yang, G. Y. Lin, D. D. Chen, et al., “Fabrication of Al–Cu laminated composites by diffusion rolling procedure,” Mater. Sci. Technol., 30, No. 8, 973–976 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Abedi and A. Akbarzadeh, “Bond strength and mechanical properties of three-layered St/AZ31/St composite fabricated by roll bonding,” Mater. Design, 88, 880–888 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Kim, G. T. Kang, and S. I. Hong, “Thermomechanical processing and roll bonding of tri-layered Cu-Ni-Zn/Cu-Cr/Cu-Ni-Zn composite,” Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 47, No. 5, 2267–2276 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. M. Hoseini-Athar and B. Tolaminejad, “Interface morphology and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Al laminated composites fabricated by explosive welding and subsequent rolling process,” Met. Mater. Int., 22, No. 4, 670–680 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z. J. Wang, L. Zhai, M. Ma, et al., “Microstructure, texture and mechanical properties of Al/Al laminated composites fabricated by hot-rolling,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 644, 194–203 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Ma, P. Huo, W. C. Liu, et al., “Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al/Ti/Al laminated composites prepared by roll bonding,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 636, 301–310 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. N. Kim and I. H. Sun, “Interactive deformation and enhanced ductility of tri-layered Cu/Al/Cu clad composite,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 651, 976–986 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. S. Kim, J. Park, K. S. Lee, et al., “Correlation between bonding strength and mechanical properties in Mg/Al two-ply clad sheet,” Met. Mater. Int., 22, No. 5, 771–780 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. B. Li, G. Y. Zu, and P. Wang, “High strain rate tensile performance and microstructural evolution of Al/Cu laminated composite under dynamic loading,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 612, No. 33, 89–95 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. Zhang, S. Ji, G. Scamans, and Z. Fan, “Interfacial characterisation of overcasting a cast Al-Si-Mg (A356) alloy on a wrought Al-Mg-Si (AA6060) alloy,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 243, 197–204 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Kim and I. H. Sun, “Deformation and fracture of diffusion-bonded Cu-Ni-Zn/Cu-Cr layered composite,” Mater. Design, 67, 42–49 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    X. Li, G. Zu, and P. Wang, “Effect of Strain rate on tensile performance of Al/Cu/Al laminated composites produced by asymmetrical roll bonding,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 575, No. 13, 61–64 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Meng, L. Zhang, Zhou, S. P. Yang, et al., “Effect of annealing temperature on separation strength of Ag/Cu composite plate,” Trans. Mater. Heat Treat., 23, No. 3, 31–34 (in Chinese) (2002).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. P. Lu, H. M. Yang, J. S. Yu, et al., “Effect of composite rolling deformation on Ag/Cu bondng interface,” Rare Metals, 37, No. 2, 330–334 (in Chinese) (2013).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    X. P. Zhang, T. H. Yang, S. Castagne, et al., “Proposal of bond criterion for hot roll bonding and its application,” Mater. Design, 32, No. 4, 2239–2245 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Q. Qin, D. T. Zhang, Y. Zang, and B. Guan, “A simulation study on the multi-pass rolling bond of 316L/Q345R stainless clad plate,” Adv. Mech. Eng., 7, No. 7, 1–13 (2015).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Wang, X. Cheng, S. Fu, et al., “Influence of first reduction ratio on the interfacial bonding properties of composite plate of hot rolled stainless steel,” Forg. Stamp. Technol., 41, No. 4, 19–24 (2016).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Li, X. J. Zhang, H. Y. Lin, and F. X. Yin, “Formation mechanism of oxide inclusion on the interface of hot-rolled stainless steel clad plates,” J. Iron Steel Res., 25, No. 1, 43–47 (2013).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Y. Sun, L. Li, M. W. Fu, and Q. J. Zhou, “Element diffusion model of bimetallic hot deformation in metallurgical bonding process,” Mater. Design, 94, 433–43 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. R. Vaidyanath., M. G. Nicholas., and D. R. Milner, “Pressure welding by rolling,” Br. Weld. J., 6, 13–28 (1959).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. A. Mohamed and J. Washburn, “Mechanism of solid state pressure welding,” Weld. J., 54, 302–310 (1975).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    X. P. Zhang, T. H. Yang, S. Castagne, and J. T. Wang, “Microstructure; bonding strength and thickness ratio of Al/Mg/Al alloy laminated composites prepared by hot-rolling,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 528, Nos. 4–5, 1954–1960 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. M. Parks, “Recrystallization in welding,” Weld. J., 32, No. 5, 209s–221s (1953).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Jamaati and M. R. Toroghinejad, “Effect of friction, annealing conditions and hardness on the bond strength of Al/Al strips produced by cold roll bonding process,” Mater. Design, 31, No. 9, 4508–4513 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. He, J. C. Feng, and Y. Y. Qian, “A new model of interfacial physical contact in diffusion bonding,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 20, No. 1, 109–112 (2004).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    H. M. Ding, X. L. Fan, J. F. Wang, et al., “Interface characterization of hot-rolled stainless steel/carbon steel clad,” Trans. Mater. Heat Treat., 32, No. 11, 18–22 (2011).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. C. Schmidt, W. Homberg, C. Hoppe, et al., “Cold pressure welding by incremental rolling: Deformation zone analysis,” AIP Conf. Proc., 1766, Issue 1, 100013 (2016), DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4963507.
  30. 30.
    J. Song, “Investigation into friction condition in finite element analysis of rolling problem,” Lubr. Eng., 5, 17–21 (1992).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Q. J. Chen, Y. L. Kang, H. P. Hu, et al., “Simulation of rolling process for wide and thin plate of alloy steel by finite element method,” J. Plast. Eng., 12, 163–167 (2005).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Science and TechnologyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations