Sensing and Imaging

, 19:16 | Cite as

Comparison Study of Regularizations in Spectral Computed Tomography Reconstruction

  • Morteza Salehjahromi
  • Yanbo Zhang
  • Hengyong Yu
Original Paper


The energy-resolving photon-counting detectors in spectral computed tomography (CT) can acquire projections of an object in different energy channels. In other words, they are able to reliably distinguish the received photon energies. These detectors lead to the emerging spectral CT, which is also called multi-energy CT, energy-selective CT, color CT, etc. Spectral CT can provide additional information in comparison with the conventional CT in which energy integrating detectors are used to acquire polychromatic projections of an object being investigated. The measurements obtained by X-ray CT detectors are noisy in reality, especially in spectral CT where the photon number is low in each energy channel. Therefore, some regularization should be applied to obtain a better image quality for this ill-posed problem in spectral CT image reconstruction. Quadratic-based regularizations are not often satisfactory as they blur the edges in the reconstructed images. As a result, different edge-preserving regularization methods have been adopted for reconstructing high quality images in the last decade. In this work, we numerically evaluate the performance of different regularizers in spectral CT, including total variation, non-local means and anisotropic diffusion. The goal is to provide some practical guidance to accurately reconstruct the attenuation distribution in each energy channel of the spectral CT data.


Spectral CT Iterative reconstruction Regularization Computed tomography 



This work was supported in part by the NIH/NIBIB U01 Grant EB017140.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Massachusetts LowellLowellUSA

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