The relationship between teacher regard and college attendance expectations: socioeconomic and racial–ethnic disparities
- 122 Downloads
This study uses data from wave one of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health to analyze the relationship between middle and secondary school students’ perceptions of their teachers, or “teacher regard,” and students’ expectations for college attendance. Variation in this relationship is further examined by respondents’ socioeconomic status, as measured by parents’ highest level of education, as well as respondents’ race and ethnicity. I find that for respondents whose parents have not completed high school, hold high school diplomas, or have completed only some post-secondary work, expectation ‘gains’ due to increases in teacher regard are substantially greater than are those for respondents whose parents hold college degrees. Adolescents whose parents hold graduate degrees experience an inverse relationship between teacher regard and college attendance expectations. Hispanics, compared to other racial and ethnic groups, additionally display higher expectations as teacher regard increases.
KeywordsTeacher regard Student–teacher relationships College expectations Significant others Socioeconomic status Race and ethnicity
- Archerd, E. (2014). An idea for improving english language learners’ access to education. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 41(2), 351–401.Google Scholar
- Ashtiani, M., & Feliciano, C. 2012. Mentorship and the postsecondary educational attainment of low-income youth. PATHWAYS to Post secondary Success. Retrieved from: http://pathways.gseis.ucla.edu/publications/.
- Cheng, S., & Starks, B. (2002). Racial differences in the effects of significant others on students’ educational expectations. Sociology of Education, 76(4), 206–327.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J., McCabe, L., Michelli, N. M., & Pickeral, T. (2009). School climate: Research, policy, practice, and teacher education. Teachers College Record, 111(1), 180–213.Google Scholar
- Cunningham, A. F., Erisman, W., & Looney, S. M. (2007). From aspirations to action: The role of middle school parents in making the dream of college a reality. Retrieved from Institute for Higher Education Policy: www.ihep.org.
- Feliciano, C., & Ashtiani, M. (2012). Postsecondary educational pathways of low-income youth: An analysis of add health data. PATHWAYS to Postsecondary Success. Retrieved from: http://pathways.gseis.ucla.edu/publications/.
- Fowler, L. T. S., Banks, T. I., Der Anhalt, K., Hinrichs, H., & Kalis, T. (2008). The association between externalizing behavior problems, teacher–student relationship quality, and academic performance in young urban learners. Behavioral Disorders, 33(3), 167–183.Google Scholar
- Hanushek, E. A., Rivkin, S. G., & Kain, J. F. (2014). Teachers, schools, and academic achievement. Econometrica, 73(2), 417–458.Google Scholar
- Lewis-McCoy, R. L. H. (2014). Inequality in the promised land race, resources, and suburban schooling. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Loewenthal, K. M. (2004). An introduction to psychological tests and scales (2nd ed.). Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- McCollum, E. C., & Yoder, N. P. (2011). School culture, teacher regard, and academic aspirations among middle school students. Middle Grades Research Journal, 6(2), 65–74.Google Scholar
- National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. (2011). Total fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by control and level of institution, level of enrollment, and race/ethnicity of student. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/.
- Pitre, P. E. (2006). College choice: A student of African American and white student aspirations and perceptions related to college attendance. College Student Journal, 40(3), 562–575.Google Scholar
- Raudenbush, S. W., Bryk, A. S., & Congdon, R. (2013). HLM 7.01 for windows [Computer software]. In Skokie, I. L.: Scientific Software International, Inc.Google Scholar