Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 491–501 | Cite as

Stereotype threat, test anxiety, and mathematics performance

  • Tobias TempelEmail author
  • Roland Neumann


We investigated the combined effects of stereotype threat and trait test anxiety on mathematics test performance. Stereotype threat and test anxiety interacted with each other in affecting performance. Trait test anxiety predicted performance only in a diagnostic condition that prevented stereotype threat by stereotype denial. A state measure of fear of the test mediated this influence. However, stereotype threat reduced the performance of low test-anxious participants to the level of high test-anxious participants. Thus, stereotype threat affected persons low in test anxiety but not persons high in test anxiety. Both phenomena apparently share common mechanisms through which they impair performance.


Trait anxiety State anxiety Worry Gender  Stereotype threat 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich I—PsychologieUniversity of TrierTrierGermany

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