Social Psychology of Education

, 14:427 | Cite as

Intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and academic achievement among Indian adolescents in Canada and India

  • Shaljan AreepattamannilEmail author
  • John G. Freeman
  • Don A. Klinger


The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships among intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and academic achievement for the Indian immigrant adolescents in Canada in comparison to their counterparts in India. Descriptive discriminant analysis indicated that the Indian immigrant adolescents in Canada had higher intrinsic motivation and academic achievement than their peers in India. By contrast, the Indian adolescents in India had higher extrinsic motivation than their counterparts in Canada. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed the positive predictive effects of intrinsic motivation on academic achievement for both the Indian immigrant and Indian adolescents. While extrinsic motivation had a negative predictive effect on academic achievement for the Indian immigrant adolescents in Canada, it was not a significant predictor of academic achievement for the Indian adolescents in India. Implications of the findings for policy and practice are discussed.


Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation Academic achievement Indian immigrant adolescents Indian adolescents 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaljan Areepattamannil
    • 1
    Email author
  • John G. Freeman
    • 1
  • Don A. Klinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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