Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 361–375 | Cite as

Examining the effects of stereotype threat on test-taking behaviors

  • Charles A. ScherbaumEmail author
  • Victoria Blanshetyn
  • Elizabeth Marshall-Wolp
  • Elizabeth McCue
  • Ross Strauss


This study examines the relationship between stereotype threat and individual test-taking behaviors. Previous research has examined the impact of stereotype threat on test scores, but little research has examined the impact of stereotype threat on the test-taking behaviors impacting those scores. Using a pre-post experimental design, stereotype threat was manipulated and test-taking behaviors (e.g., time spent per item, response changes) were measured while completing verbal ability items before and after the manipulation. The results indicated that stereotype threat minimally impacted time-related test-taking behaviors, but did impact behaviors related to response changes. Implications of the findings are discussed.


Stereotype threat Test-taking behaviors Race differences Ability testing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles A. Scherbaum
    • 1
    Email author
  • Victoria Blanshetyn
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Marshall-Wolp
    • 1
  • Elizabeth McCue
    • 1
  • Ross Strauss
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Baruch CollegeCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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