Advertisement

Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 421–434 | Cite as

Predictors of absenteeism among primary school teachers

  • Haim H. GazielEmail author
Article

Abstract

The present study was designed in order to examine the contribution of personal attributes, teachers’ organizational commitment, and two organizational attributes, school climate and culture of absence at, school, vis-à-vis two different types of teacher absences from work, namely voluntary and involuntary absence. For that purpose, 200 teachers (74% answered) from Jerusalem (Israel), were required to complete the following scales: the Organization commitment scale, the primary school climate scale and the culture of absence scale. Results indicated that the correlations between attitudes and voluntary measures differ from the same correlations involving the involuntary measures. None of the biographical (gender, age and seniority, education) and/or attitudinal variables can explain the variance for any of the involuntary indices. Lower teachers’ commitment to school, principal’s restrictive behavior and absentee school culture offer a better explanation of variances in teacher absenteeism than any of the biographical variables.

Keywords

Primary School Organization Commitment School Climate School Culture Primary School Teacher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bliss J. Finneran R. (1991). Effects of school climate and teacher efficacy on teacher stress. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago.Google Scholar
  2. Bridges, E., Hallinan, M. 1978Sub-unit size, work system interdependence and employee absenteeismEducational Administration Quarterly142442Google Scholar
  3. Brooke, P.P., Price, J.L. 1989The determinants of employee absenteeism: an empirical test of a causal modelJournal of Occupational Psychology62119Google Scholar
  4. Brown, Z.A. & Uehara, D.L. (1999). Coping with teacher stress:A research synthesis of pacific educators. Research series. Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, Office of Educational Research and Improvement.Google Scholar
  5. Chadwick-Jones, J., Nicholson, N., Brown, C. 1982Social psychology of absenteeismPraegerNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Cohen, J., Cohen, P. 1983Applied multiple regression/correlative analysis for the behavioral sciencesLawrence ErlbaumNew JerseyGoogle Scholar
  7. Driver, R.W., Watson, C.J. 1989Construct validity of voluntary and involuntary absenteeismJournal of Business and Psychology4109118Google Scholar
  8. Egozi, M. 1989A national survey of teacher absenteeism in the elementary school systemIsrael Ministry of EducationJerusalemGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferris, G., Bergin, T.G., Wayne, J. 1988Personal characteristics, job performance and absenteeism of public school teachersJournal of Applied Psychology18552563Google Scholar
  10. Frogatt, P. 1970Short absenteeism from industryBritish Journal of Industrial Medicine27199212Google Scholar
  11. Gazit, E. (1985). Teachers’ perception of their profession and its relation to teacher absenteeism. Unpublished M.A thesis. Ramat-Gan: Bar Ilan University, School of Education.Google Scholar
  12. Gibson, R. & Lafornara, P. (1972). Collective legitimacy and organizational attachment: A longitudinal case study of school personnel absences. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Eric document reproduction service no. 063674.Google Scholar
  13. Gupta, N., Beehr, T.A. 1977Predicting withdrawal from work: absenteeism and turnoverQuin, R.P. eds. Effectiveness in work roles: Employee responses to work environmentsInstitute for Social ResearchAnn Arbor, MI509547Google Scholar
  14. Hackett, R.D. 1989Work attitudes and employee absenteeism: a synthesis of the literatureJournal of Occupational Psychology62235248Google Scholar
  15. Hackett, R.D., Guion, R.M. 1985Reevaluation of the absenteeism-job satisfaction relationshipOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes35340381Google Scholar
  16. Hammer, T., Landau, J., Stern, R. 1984AbsenteeismJossey-BassSan-FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  17. Hammond, O.W., Onikama, D.L. 1997A risk teacher Pacific Resources for Education and LearningOffice of Educational Research and ImprovementHonoluluGoogle Scholar
  18. Hawkins, A. (2000). Student achievement: improving our focus. Eric database, ED 442774.Google Scholar
  19. Herzberg, F. 1966Work and the nature of manCrowellNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Hoy, W., Clover, S.I.R. 1986Elementary school climate: a revision of the organizational climate description questionnaire (OCDQ)Educational Administration Quarterly2293110Google Scholar
  21. Imants, J., Van Zoelen, A. 1995Teachers’ sickness absence in primary schools, school climate and teachers’ sense of efficacySchool Organization157787Google Scholar
  22. Jacobson, S.L. 1990Attendance incentives and teacher absenteeismPlanning and Changing217894Google Scholar
  23. Johns, G. 1988Organizational behavior:Understanding life at workScott and ForesmanBostonGoogle Scholar
  24. Landy, F., Vasey, J., Smith, F. 1984Methodological problems and strategies in predicting absenceGoodman, P.Atkins, R. eds. AbsenteeismJossey-BassSan-FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  25. Leigh, J.P. 1983Sex differences in absenteeismIndustrial Relations223349361Google Scholar
  26. March, J., Simon, H.A. 1958OrganizationsWileyNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. Martin, Y.K., Miller, G.A. 1986Job satisfaction and absenteeismWork and Occupations133346Google Scholar
  28. Mathieu, J.E., Kohler, S.S. 1990A test of the interactive effects of organizational commitment and job involvement on various types of absenceJournal of Vocational behavior363344Google Scholar
  29. Mayer, R.C., Schoorman, F.D. 1992Predicting participation and production outcomes through a two dimensional model of organizational commitmentAcademy of Management Journal35671684Google Scholar
  30. Monk, D. (1988). Education production research: Surveying multiple fronts from an economic perspective. Paper presented at the USC conference on future research in economics of education and educational finance. Los Angeles.Google Scholar
  31. Mowday, R.T., Steers, R.M., Porter, L.W. 1979The measurement of organizational commitmentJournal of Vocational Behavior14224247Google Scholar
  32. Pellicer, C.O. 1984Job satisfaction and its impact upon teacher attendanceJournal of the National Association of Secondary Principals684447Google Scholar
  33. Porter, L.W., Steers, R.M., Mowday, R.T., Boulian, P.V. 1974Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric techniciansJournal of Applied Psychology59603609Google Scholar
  34. Price, J.L., Mueller, P. 1986Absenteeism and turnover among hospital employees.JAI PressGreenwich, CTGoogle Scholar
  35. Raine, J.S., Lane, I.M., Steiner, D.D. 1991A current look at the job satisfaction/life satisfaction relationships: review and future considerationsHuman Relations44287307Google Scholar
  36. Randall, D.M. 1990The consequences of organizational commitment: methodological investigationJournal of Organizational Behavior11361378Google Scholar
  37. Sagie, A. 1993Measurement of religiosity and work obligations among Israeli youthJournal of Social Psychology133529537Google Scholar
  38. Scott, K.D., Winbush, J.C. 1991Teacher absenteeism in secondary educationEducational Administration Quarterly27506529Google Scholar
  39. Shore, L.M., Newton, L.A., Thornton, G.C. 1990Job and organizational attitudes in relation to employee behavioral intentionsJournal of Organizational behavior115767Google Scholar
  40. Steers, R.M., Rhodes, S.R. 1978Major influences on employee attendance: a process modelJournal of Applied Psychology63391407Google Scholar
  41. Tanner, K.C. & Warr, Ch.N. (1993). Variables that predict levels of job satisfaction and intention to leave present employment among secondary teachers of vocational education in the US. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Atlanta, Georgia.Google Scholar
  42. Taylor, D.E. 1981Absences from work among full time employeesMonthly Labor Review1046870Google Scholar
  43. Zaccaro, S.J., Craig, B., Quinn, J. 1991Prior absenteeism, supervisory style, job satisfaction, and personal characteristics: an investigation of some mediated and moderated linkages to work absenteeismOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes502444Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationBar Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael

Personalised recommendations