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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 196, Issue 1–4, pp 49–77 | Cite as

Understanding the Internal Chemical Composition and Physical Processes of the Solar Interior

  • Sarbani Basu
  • Nicolas Grevesse
  • Stephane Mathis
  • Sylvaine Turck-Chièze
Article

Abstract

The Sun, the closest and most well studied of stars, is generally used as a standard that other stars are compared to. Models of the Sun are constantly tested with helioseismic data. These data allow us to probe the internal structure and dynamics of the Sun. Among the main sources of the data is the SOHO spacecraft that has been continuously observing the Sun for more than a solar cycle. Current solar models, although good, do not include all the physical processes that are present in the Sun. In this chapter we focus on specific inputs to solar models and discuss generally neglected dynamical physical processes whose inclusion could result in models that are much better representatives of the Sun.

Keywords

Sun: interior Sun: helioseismology Sun: evolution Sun: abundances 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarbani Basu
    • 1
  • Nicolas Grevesse
    • 2
  • Stephane Mathis
    • 3
  • Sylvaine Turck-Chièze
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of AstronomyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Centre Spatial de Liège and Institut d’Astrophysique et de GéophysiqueUniversité de LiègeAngleur-LiègeBelgium
  3. 3.Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Université Paris DiderotIRFU/SAp Centre de SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  4. 4.SAp/IRFU/CEA CE SaclayGif sur YvetteFrance

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