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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 137, Issue 1–4, pp 301–315 | Cite as

TARANIS—A Satellite Project Dedicated to the Physics of TLEs and TGFs

  • Francois Lefeuvre
  • Elisabeth Blanc
  • Jean-Louis Pinçon
  • Robert Roussel-Dupré
  • David Lawrence
  • Jean-André Sauvaud
  • Jean-Louis Rauch
  • Hervé de Feraudy
  • Dominique Lagoutte
Article

Abstract

TARANIS “Tool for the Analysis of RAdiations from lightNIngs and Sprites” is a CNES satellite project dedicated to the study of impulsive transfers of energy between the Earth atmosphere and the space environment. Such impulsive transfers of energy, identified by the observation at ground and in space (rocket, balloons, FORMOSAT 2 satellite) of Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) and the detection on satellites (CGRO, RHESSI) of Terrestrial Gamma ray Flashes (TGFs), are likely to occur in other astrophysical environments as well. The TARANIS mission and instrumentation is presented. The way the TARANIS programme (associated ground-based and balloon-based measurements included) may answer questions about the physics of TLEs and TGFs is examined. The questions addressed include: TLEs and TGFs source regions, associated phenomena, transfers of energy between the radiation belts and the atmosphere, TLEs and TGFs generation mechanisms, input parameters to the modelling of the variation of the atmosphere and the electric circuit.

Keywords

Earth environment Lightning Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) Terrestrial Gamma ray Flashes (TGFs) Lightning induced Electron Precipitation (LEPs) Runaway electron Beams (RBs) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francois Lefeuvre
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Blanc
    • 2
  • Jean-Louis Pinçon
    • 1
  • Robert Roussel-Dupré
    • 3
  • David Lawrence
    • 4
  • Jean-André Sauvaud
    • 5
  • Jean-Louis Rauch
    • 1
  • Hervé de Feraudy
    • 6
  • Dominique Lagoutte
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement—CNRSUniversité d’OrléansOrléans cedex 2France
  2. 2.Commissariat à l’Energie AtomiqueDASE/LDGBruyères le ChâtelFrance
  3. 3.Atmospheric and Climate Sciences GroupLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  4. 4.Johns Hopkins Applied Physics LaboratoryLaurelUSA
  5. 5.Centre d’Etude Spatiale des RayonnementsCNRSToulouseFrance
  6. 6.Centre d’Etudes des environnements Terrestre et Planétaires—CNRSUniversité de Versailles et ST Quentin-en-yvelinesVelizy VillacoublayFrance

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