THEMIS Ground Based Observatory System Design


The comprehensive THEMIS approach to solving the substorm problem calls for monitoring the nightside auroral oval with low-cost, robust white-light imagers and magnetometers that can deliver high time resolution data (0.33 and 2 Hz, respectively). A network of 20 Ground-Based Observatories (GBOs) are deployed across Canada and Alaska to support the collection of data from these instruments. Here we describe the system design of the observatory, with emphasis on how the design meets the environmental and data-collection requirements. We also review the design of the All Sky Imager (ASI), discuss how it was built to survive Arctic deployments, and summarize the optical characterizations performed to qualify the design to meet THEMIS mission requirements.

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Correspondence to S. E. Harris.

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Harris, S.E., Mende, S.B., Angelopoulos, V. et al. THEMIS Ground Based Observatory System Design. Space Sci Rev 141, 213–233 (2008).

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  • All sky camera
  • Geophysics
  • Aurora
  • Magnetometer
  • Magnetosphere


  • 94.80.+g
  • 94.30.Aa