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Studies in East European Thought

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 221–234 | Cite as

The ethical catastrophe of contemporary Russia and its foresights in Russian thought

  • Sergey S. HorujyEmail author
Article

Abstract

This paper examines the changing ethical consciousness in Russia since the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 and discusses how this change was reflected in Russian religious philosophy. This process can be characterized by a series of sudden and violent replacements of contradictory ethical models, which, by disorientating the public consciousness, led to the atrophy of the ethical instinct. The last two models in the series correspond to the “anti-ethics” of the 1990s and the “non-ethics” of the third Millennium. The latter model (“non-ethics”) corresponds to the current absence of individual ethical positions and the willingness to adopt any position prescribed by the state. A review of philosophical reflection on this process shows that Russian religious thought did not foresee such an ethical catastrophe. Indeed, although Vladimir Solovyov presented an alarming eschatological foresight of the future, and despite the fact that the collection Landmarks, written in 1907, firmly identified the intelligentsia as a highly destructive agent promoting their own alternative ethics, the optimistic philosophical model nonetheless prevailed. According to this optimistic model, the period of disasters and catastrophes will be followed by a new spiritual reawakening.

Keywords

Ethics Russian philosophy Russia USSR Bolshevik turnover Soviet totalitarianism Post-Soviet ethics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PhilosophyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

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