Injustice in School and Students’ Emotions, Well-Being, and Behavior: A Longitudinal study
- 650 Downloads
School can be regarded as an important factor in the development of children’s values and attitudes. Given this great importance of justice experiences for students’ development, this study aimed at examining the influence of perceived injustice in school on students’ emotions, well-being, and behavior with an experimental longitudinal design. In total, 196 students participated in this study and came to the university with their classes to receive extra teaching once a week for six consecutive weeks. To manipulate justice perceptions, a scenario of arbitrary privilege was chosen to lead students of the experimental group to experience injustice from a beneficiary perspective. We found that students in the experimental group reported higher well-being and a higher appreciation of the opportunity to learn than the control group did. Additionally, they showed an increase in justice-related negative emotions over time; that is, they expressed more of a bad conscience and stronger feelings of anger the more they became aware of their privilege. This study shows that even subtle experiences of injustice in school can have an impact on students’ outcomes. These results are discussed with regard to practical implications.
KeywordsInjustice perceptions Behavior Well-being Education
- Baumert, A., Beierlein, C., Schmitt, M., Kemper, C.J., Kovaleva, A., Liebig, S., & Rammstedt, B. (2014). Measuring four perspectives of justice sensitivity with two items each. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96(3), 380–390. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2013.836526.
- Baumert, A., Halmburger, A., & Schmitt, M. (2013). Intervention against norm violations: Dispositional determinants of self-reported and real moral courage. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(8), 1053–1068.Google Scholar
- Connell, R. W. (1993). Schools and social justice. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
- Denison, D. R. (1996). What is the difference between organizational culture and organizational climate? A native’s view on a decade of paradigm wars. The Academy of Management Review, 21, 619–654.Google Scholar
- Furnham, A., & Siegel, E. M. (2012). Reactions to organizational injustice: Counter work be-haviors and the insider threat. In E. Kals & J. Maes (Eds.), Justice and Conflicts (pp. 199–217). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
- Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of justice. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar