Figure 3 | Solar Physics

Figure 3

From: Overlapping Magnetic Activity Cycles and the Sunspot Number: Forecasting Sunspot Cycle 25 Amplitude

Figure 3

Discrete Hilbert transform of the monthly sunspot number since 1749. From top to bottom: (a) Monthly sunspot number (black), 12 month moving average (red) and slow timescale trend obtained by local regression using weighted linear least squares on a 40 year window (blue); (b) monthly sunspot number with local regression trend subtracted; (c) analytic signal amplitude of monthly (black) and 12 month moving average (red) sunspot number; (d) analytic signal phase as in (c), the yellow diamonds indicate terminators obtained previously McIntosh et al. (2019). The terminator times used here are the analytic phase zero crossings.

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