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Solar Physics

, 293:85 | Cite as

Indirect Solar Wind Measurements Using Archival Cometary Tail Observations

  • Nadezhda Zolotova
  • Yuriy Sizonenko
  • Mikhail Vokhmyanin
  • Igor Veselovsky
Article

Abstract

This paper addresses the problem of the solar wind behaviour during the Maunder minimum. Records on plasma tails of comets can shed light on the physical parameters of the solar wind in the past. We analyse descriptions and drawings of comets between the eleventh and eighteenth century. To distinguish between dust and plasma tails, we address their colour, shape, and orientation. Based on the calculations made by F.A. Bredikhin, we found that cometary tails deviate from the antisolar direction on average by more than \(10^{\circ }\), which is typical for dust tails. We also examined the catalogues of Hevelius and Lubieniecki. The first indication of a plasma tail was revealed only for the great comet C/1769 P1.

Keywords

Solar wind Comets 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The reported study was partially funded by RFBR according to the research project 16-02-00300-a. The work by I.S. Veselovsky in the Space Research Institute is supported by the grant RSCF 16-12-10062-a.

Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interests.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Main Astronomical ObservatoryNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  3. 3.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear PhysicsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Space Research InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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