Advertisement

Solar Physics

, Volume 291, Issue 4, pp 1077–1087 | Cite as

Active Latitude Oscillations Observed on the Sun

  • A. Kilcik
  • V. Yurchyshyn
  • F. Clette
  • A. Ozguc
  • J.-P. Rozelot
Article

Abstract

We investigate periodicities in the mean heliographic latitudes of sunspot groups, called active latitudes, for the past six complete solar cycles (1945 – 2008). For this purpose, the multitaper method and Morlet wavelet analysis were used. We found that solar rotation periodicities (26 – 38 days) are present in active latitudes of both hemispheres for all the investigated cycles (18 to 23). Both in the northern and southern hemispheres, active latitudes drifted toward the equator from the beginning to the end of each cycle and followed an oscillating path. These motions are well described by a second-order polynomial. There are no meaningful periods of between 55 and about 300 days in either hemisphere for all cycles. A periodicity of 300 to 370 days appears in both hemispheres for Cycle 23, in the northern hemisphere for Cycle 20, and in the southern hemisphere for Cycle 18.

Keywords

Sun Sunspots Heliographic latitude Periodicity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The sunspot group data used in this study were retrieved from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) online data archives. The wavelet software was provided by C. Torrence and G. Compo and is available at http://paos.colorado.edu/research/wavelets/ . This study was supported by the Scientific and Technical Council of Turkey by the Project of 115F031. V. Yurchyshyn acknowledges support from the AFOSR Award FA9550-15-1-0322, the NSF AGS-1146896 grant and the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute. F. Clette would like to acknowledge financial support from the Belgian Solar-Terrestrial Center of Excellence (STCE; http://www.stce.be ). J.-P. Rozelot would like to thank the International Space Science Institute in Bern (CH) for its support of this study.

References

  1. Bai, T.: 2003, Astrophys. J. 591, 406.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bai, T., Sturrock, P.A.: 1991, Nature 350, 141.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beck, J.G., Giles, P.: 2005, Astrophys. J. 621, L153.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bouwer, S.D.: 1992, Solar Phys. 142, 365.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chowdhury, P., Khan, M., Ray, P.C.: 2009, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 392, 1159.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chowdhury, P., Dwivedi, B.N.: 2011, Solar Phys. 270, 365.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choudhary, D.P., Lawrence, J.K., Norris, M., Cadavid, A.C.: 2014, Solar Phys. 289, 649.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Deng, L.H., Qu, Z.Q., Yan, X.L., Wang, K.R.: 2013, Res. Astron. Astrophys. 13, 104.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ghil, M., Allen, M.R., Dettinger, M.D., Ide, K., Kondrashov, D., Mann, M.E., Robertson, A.W., Saunders, A., Tian, Y., Varadi, F., Yiou, P.: 2002, Rev. Geophys. 40, 1.  DOI. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Howard, R., Gilman, P.A.: 1986, Astrophys. J. 307, 389.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kane, R.P.: 2005, Solar Phys. 227, 155.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kilcik, A., Ozguc, A., Rozelot, J.P., Atac, T.: 2010, Solar Phys. 264, 255.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kilcik, A., Ozguc, A., Yurchyshyn, V., Rozelot, J.P.: 2014, Solar Phys. 289, 4365.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Knaack, R., Stenflo, J.O., Berdyugina, S.V.: 2005, Astron. Astrophys. 438, 1067.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Krivova, N.A., Solanki, S.K.: 2002, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 701.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lara, A., Borgazzi, A., Mendes, O. Jr., Rosa, R.R., Domingues, M.O.: 2008, Solar Phys. 248, 155.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lean, J.L., Brueckner, G.E.: 1989, Astrophys. J. 337, 568.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lustig, G., Wöhl, H.: 1994, Solar Phys. 152, 221.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Maunder, E.W.: 1904, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 64, 747.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mufti, S., Shah, G.N.: 2011, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 73, 1607.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Obridko, V.N., Shelting, B.D.: 2007, Adv. Space Res. 40, 1006.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ozguc, A., Atac, T., Rybak, J.: 2004, Solar Phys. 223, 287.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ravindra, B., Javaraiah, J.: 2015, New Astron. 39, 55.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rozelot, J.P.: 1993, Adv. Space Res. 13, 439.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Scafetta, N., Willson, R.C.: 2013, Pattern Recognit. Phys. 1, 123.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schwabe, H.: 1844, Astron. Nachr. 21, 233. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Singh, Y.P., Badruddin: 2014, Planet. Space Sci. 96, 120.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Thomson, D.J.: 1982, Proc. IEEE 70, 1055. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Torrence, C., Compo, G.P.: 1998, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 61.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Yin, Z.Q., Han, Y.B., Ma, L.H., Le, G.M., Han, Y.G.: 2007, Chin. J. Astron. Astrophys. 7, 823.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kilcik
    • 1
  • V. Yurchyshyn
    • 2
    • 3
  • F. Clette
    • 4
  • A. Ozguc
    • 5
  • J.-P. Rozelot
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Space Science and TechnologiesAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey
  2. 2.Big Bear Solar Observatory of New Jersey Institute of TechnologyBig Bear CityUSA
  3. 3.Korea Astronomy and Space Science InstituteDaejeonSouth Korea
  4. 4.Royal Observatory of BelgiumBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research InstituteBogazici UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  6. 6.Nice University (OCA)Nice Cedex 4France

Personalised recommendations