Solar Physics

, Volume 286, Issue 2, pp 479–492 | Cite as

Dynamics of an Erupting Arched Magnetic Flux Rope in a Laboratory Plasma Experiment

Article

Abstract

A laboratory plasma experiment has been built to study the eruption of arched magnetic flux ropes (AMFRs) in the presence of a large magnetized plasma. This experiment simulates the eruption of solar AMFRs in two essential steps: i) it produces an AMFR (n=6.0×1012 cm−3, \(T_{\rm e} = 14~\mathrm{eV}\), B≈1 kilo-gauss, L=0.51 m) with a persistent appearance that lasts several Alfvén transit times using a lanthanum hexaboride (LaB6) plasma source, and ii) it generates controlled plasma flows from the footpoints of the AMFR using laser beams. An additional LaB6 plasma source generates a large magnetized plasma in the background. The laser-generated flows trigger the eruption by injecting dense plasma and magnetic flux into the AMFR. The experiment is highly reproducible and runs continuously with a 0.5 Hz repetition rate; hence, several thousand identical loop eruptions are routinely generated and their spatio-temporal evolution is recorded in three-dimensions using computer-controlled movable probes. Measurements demonstrate striking similarities between the erupting laboratory and solar arched magnetic flux ropes.

Keywords

Coronal mass ejections, initiation and propagation Flares, dynamics Waves, plasma 

References

  1. Abbot C.: 1911, The Sun, D. Appleton and Company, New York, 128. Google Scholar
  2. Alfvén, H., Carlqvist, P.: 1967, Solar Phys. 1, 220. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antiochos, S.K., DeVore, C.R., Klimchuk, J.A.: 1999, Astrophys. J. 510, 485. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arnold, L., Dreher, J., Grauer, R., Soltwisch, H., Stein, H.: 2008, Phys. Plasmas 15, 042106. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bostick, W.H.: 1956, Phys. Rev. 104, 1191. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burnette, A.B., Canfield, R.C., Pevtsov, A.A.: 2004, Astrophys. J. 606, 565. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen, J.: 1996, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 27499. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, J., Kunkel, V.: 2010, Astrophys. J. 717, 1105. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen, J., Schuck, P.: 2007, Solar Phys. 246, 145. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cooper, C.M., Gekelman, W., Pribyl, P., Lucky, Z.: 2010, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 083503. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cremades, H., Bothmer, V.: 2004, Astron. Astrophys. 422, 307. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dennis, B.R., Schwartz, R.A.: 1989, Solar Phys. 121, 75. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Forbes, T.G., Isenberg, P.A.: 1991, Astrophys. J. 373, 294. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gekelman, W., Maggs, J., Pfister, H.: 1992, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 20, 614. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gibson, S.E., Low, B.C.: 2000, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 18187. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Habbal, S.R., Holzer, T.E., Leer, E.: 1979, Solar Phys. 64, 287. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hansen J.F.: 2001, “Laboratory Simulations of Solar Prominences”. Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology. Google Scholar
  18. Hansen, J.F., Tripathi, S.K.P., Bellan, P.M.: 2004, Phys. Plasmas 11, 3177. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hood, A.W., Priest, E.R.: 1979, Solar Phys. 64, 303. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hudson, H.: 2011, Space Sci. Rev. 158, 5. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Intrator, T., Sun, X., Lapenta, G., Dorf, L., Furno, I.: 2009, Nat. Phys. 5, 521. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kosovichev, A., Zharkova, V.: 1999, Solar Phys. 190, 459. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Krieger, A.S., Timothy, A.F., Roelof, E.C.: 1973, Solar Phys. 29, 505. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kulsrud, R., Ji, H., Fox, W., Yamada, M.: 2005, Phys. Plasmas 12, 082301. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lang K.: 2001, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Sun, 1st edn., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 106. Google Scholar
  26. Lawrence, E.E., Gekelman, W.: 2009, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 105002. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leka, K.D., Canfield, R.C., McClymont, A.N., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L.: 1996, Astrophys. J. 462, 547. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lin, J., Li, J., Forbes, T.G., Ko, Y.K., Raymond, J.C., Vourlidas, A.: 2007, Astrophys. J. Lett. 658, L123. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Low, B.C.: 2001, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 25141. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nakariakov, V.M., Ofman, L., Deluca, E.E., Roberts, B., Davila, J.M.: 1999, Science 285, 862. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ofman, L., Wang, T.J.: 2008, Astron. Astrophys. 482, L9. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Oz, E., Myers, C.E., Yamada, M., Ji, H., Kulsrud, R.M., Xie, J.: 2011, Phys. Plasmas 18, 102107. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pevtsov, A.A., Canfield, R.C., Metcalf, T.R.: 1995, Astrophys. J. Lett. 440, L109. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rosner, R., Tucker, W.H., Vaiana, G.S.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 220, 643. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stenzel, R.L., Gekelman, W., Wild, N.: 1982, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 111. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Timothy, A.F., Krieger, A.S., Vaiana, G.S.: 1975, Solar Phys. 42, 135. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Török, T., Kliem, B., Titov, V.S.: 2004, Astron. Astrophys. 413, L27. ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tripathi, S.K.P., Bellan, P.M., Yun, G.S.: 2007, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 135002. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tripathi, S.K.P., Gekelman, W.: 2010, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 075005. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tripathi S.K.P., Gekelman W.: 2011, In: Choudhary D.P., Strassmeier K.G. (eds.) The Physics of Sun and Star Spots, IAU Symp. 6, 483. Google Scholar
  41. Wheatland, M.S.: 2000, Astrophys. J. 532, 616. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics & AstronomyUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations