Solar Physics

, Volume 285, Issue 1–2, pp 9–24 | Cite as

Probing the Fundamental Physics of the Solar Corona with Lunar Solar Occultation Observations

  • S. Rifai Habbal
  • H. Morgan
  • M. Druckmüller
  • A. Ding
  • J. F. Cooper
  • A. Daw
  • E. C. SittlerJr.
OBSERVATIONS AND MODELLING OF THE INNER HELIOSPHERE

Abstract

Imaging and spectroscopy of the solar corona, coupled with polarimetry, are the only tools available at present to capture signatures of physical processes responsible for coronal heating and solar wind acceleration within the first few solar radii above the solar limb. With the recent advent of improved detector technology and image processing techniques, broad-band white light and narrow-band multi-wavelength observations of coronal forbidden lines, made during total solar eclipses, have started to yield new views about the thermodynamic and magnetic properties of coronal structures. This paper outlines these unique capabilities, which until present, have been feasible primarily with observations during natural total solar eclipses. This work also draws attention to the exciting possibility of greatly increasing the frequency and duration of solar eclipse observations with Moon orbiting observatories utilizing lunar limb occultation of the solar disk for coronal measurements.

Keywords

Corona Eclipse Solar wind 

References

  1. Arnaud, J., Newkirk, G. Jr.: 1987, Astron. Astrophys. 178, 263. ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Bochsler, P.: 2001, Space Sci. Rev. 97, 113. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brueckner, G.E., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J., Korendyke, C.M., Michels, D.J., Moses, J.D., et al.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 357. doi:10.1007/BF00733434. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Byhring, H.S., Cranmer, S.R., Lie-Svendsen, Ø., Habbal, S.R., Esser, R.: 2011, Astrophys. J. 732, 119. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Druckmüller, M.: 2009, Astrophys. J. 706, 1605. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Druckmüller, M., Rušin, V., Minarovjech, M.: 2006, Contrib. Astron. Obs. Skaln. Pleso 36, 131. ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Eddy, J., Firor, J.W., Lee, R.H.: 1967, Astron. J. 72, 793. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Edlén, B.: 1945, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 105, 323. ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Geiss, J., Gloeckler, G., von Steiger, R., Balsiger, H., Fisk, L.A., Galvin, A.B., Ipavich, F.M., Livi, S., McKenzie, J.F., Ogilvie, K.W., Wilken, B.: 1995, Science 268, 1033. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gloeckler, G., Geiss, J.: 1998, Space Sci. Rev. 86, 127. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gloeckler, G., Geiss, J., Balsiger, H., Bedini, P., Cain, J.C., Fisher, J., Fisk, L.A., Galvin, A.B., Gliem, F., Hamilton, D.C.: 1992, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 92, 267. ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Grotrian, W.: 1934, Z. Astrophys. 8, 124. ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Guhathakurta, M., Fisher, R.R.: 1995, Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1841. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Habbal, S.R., Woo, R., Arnaud, J.: 2001, Astrophys. J. 558, 852. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Habbal, S.R., Arndt, M.B., Nayfeh, M.H., Arnaud, J., Johnson, J., Hegwer, S., Woo, R., Ene, A., Habbal, F.: 2003, Astrophys. J. Lett. 592, L87. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Habbal, S.R., Morgan, H., Johnson, J., Arndt, M.B., Daw, A., Jaeggli, S., Kuhn, J., Mickey, D.: 2007a, Astrophys. J. 663, 598. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Habbal, S.R., Morgan, H., Johnson, J., Arndt, M.B., Daw, A., Jaeggli, S., Kuhn, J., Mickey, D., et al.: 2007b, Astrophys. J. 670, 1521. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Habbal, S.R., Druckmüller, M., Morgan, H., Daw, A., Johnson, J., Ding, A., Arndt, M., Esser, R., Rušin, V., Scholl, I.: 2010a, Astrophys. J. 708, 1650. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Habbal, S.R., Morgan, H., Druckmüller, M., Ding, A.: 2010b, Astrophys. J. Lett. 711, L75. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Habbal, S.R., Druckmüller, M., Morgan, H., Scholl, I., Rušin, V., Daw, A., Johnson, J., Arndt, M.: 2010c, Astrophys. J. 719, 1362. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Habbal, S.R., Druckmüller, M., Morgan, H., Ding, A., Johnson, J., Druckmüllerová, H., Daw, A., Arndt, M.B., Dietzel, M., Saken, J.: 2011, Astrophys. J. 740, 120. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hundhausen, A.J., Gilbert, H.E., Bame, S.J.: 1968a, J. Geophys. Res. 73, 5485. doi:10.1029/JA073i017p05485. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hundhausen, A.J., Gilbert, H.E., Bame, S.J.: 1968b, Astrophys. J. Lett. 152, L3. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hyder, C.L., Lites, B.W.: 1970, Solar Phys. 14, 147. ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Kohl, J.L., Noci, G., Antonucci, E., Tondello, G., Huber, M.C.E., Gardner, L.D., Nicolosi, P., Strachan, L., Fineschi, S., Raymond, J.C., et al.: 1997, Solar Phys. 175, 613. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kohl, J.L., Noci, G., Antonucci, E., Tondello, G., Huber, M.C.E., Cranmer, S.R., Strachan, L., Panasyuk, A.V., Gardner, L.D., Romoli, M., et al.: 1998, Astrophys. J. Lett. 501, L127. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Judge, P.: 1998, Astrophys. J. 500, 1009. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lanzerotti, L.J., Arnoldy, R.L., Bagenal, F., Baker, D.N., Burch, J.L., Charo, A., Foster, J.C., Goode, P.R., Heelis, R.A., Kivelson, M.G., Lewis, W.L., Matthaeus, W.H., et al.: 2002, The Sun to the Earth – and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, National Academies Press, Washington. Google Scholar
  29. Li, X., Habbal, S.R., Kohl, J., Noci, G.C.: 1998, Astrophys. J. Lett. 501, L137. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lie-Svendsen, Ø., Esser, R.: 2005, Astrophys. J. 618, 1057. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lin, H., Kuhn, J.R., Coulter, R.: 2004, Astrophys. J. Lett. 613, L177. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McComas, D.J., Velli, M., Lewis, W.S., Acton, L.W., Balat-Pichelin, M., Bothmer, V., et al.: 2007, Rev. Geophys. 45. doi:10.1029/2006RG000195.
  33. Mierla, M., Schwenn, R., Teriaca, L., Stenborg, G., Podlipnik, B.: 2008, Astron. Astrophys. 480, 509. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Morgan, H., Habbal, S.R.: 2007, Astron. Astrophys. 471, L47. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Morgan, H., Habbal, S.R., Woo, R.: 2006, Solar Phys. 236, 263. doi:10.1007/s11207-006-0113-6. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Müller, D., Marsden, R.G., St. Cyr, O.C., Gilbert, H.R., for the Solar Orbiter Team: 2012, Solar Phys. this issue. doi:10.1007/s11207-012-0085-7.
  37. Neugebauer, M., Snyder, C.W.: 1966, J. Geophys. Res. 71, 4469. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Newkirk, G. Jr., Altschuler, M.D.: 1970, Solar Phys. 13, 131. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Newkirk, G. Jr., Dupree, R.G., Schmahl, E.J.: 1970, Solar Phys. 15, 15. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Noci, G.C., Kohl, J.L., Withbroe, G.L.: 1987, Astrophys. J. 315, 706. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Quémerais, E., Lamy, Ph.: 2002, Astron. Astrophys. 393, 295. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sheeley, N.R. Jr.: 1980, Solar Phys. 65, 229. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stern, S.A.: 1999, Rev. Geophys. 37(4), 453. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stubbs, T.J., Glenar, D.A., Colaprete, A., Richard, D.T.: 2010, Planet. Space Sci. 58, 830. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tomczyk, S., McIntosh, S.W., Keil, S.L., Judge, P.G., Schad, T., Seeley, D.H., Edmondson, J.: 2007, Science 317, 1192. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tousey, R.: 1973, In: Rycroft, M.J., Runcorn, S.K. (eds.) Space Research XIII, Proceedings of Open Meetings of Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the 15th Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Madrid, Spain, 10–24 May 1972, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 713. Google Scholar
  47. Van de Hulst, H.C.: 1950, Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth. 11, 135. ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. Withbroe, G.L., Kohl, J.L., Weiser, H., Munro, R.H.: 1982, Space Sci. Rev. 33, 33. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Young, C.A.: 1899, Astrophys. J. 10, 306. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zook, H.A., McCoy, J.E.: 1991, Geophys. Res. Lett. 18(11), 2117. doi:10.1029/91GL02235. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Rifai Habbal
    • 1
  • H. Morgan
    • 1
  • M. Druckmüller
    • 2
  • A. Ding
    • 3
  • J. F. Cooper
    • 4
  • A. Daw
    • 4
  • E. C. SittlerJr.
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for AstronomyUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Brno University of TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Optics and Atomic PhysicsTechnische Universitaet Berlin, and Institute of Technical PhysicsBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Heliophysics Science DivisionNASA/GSFCGreenbeltUSA

Personalised recommendations