A Fast Model for the Reconstruction of Spectral Solar Irradiance in the Near- and Mid-Ultraviolet
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- Bolduc, C., Charbonneau, P., Dumoulin, V. et al. Sol Phys (2012) 279: 383. doi:10.1007/s11207-012-0019-4
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We present a model for the reconstruction of spectral solar irradiance between 200 and 400 nm. This model is an extension of the total solar irradiance (TSI) model of Crouch et al. (Astrophys. J.677, 723, 2008) which is based on a data-driven Monte Carlo simulation of sunspot emergence, fragmentation, and erosion. The resulting time-evolving daily area distribution of magnetic structures of all sizes is used as input to a four-component irradiance model including contributions from the quiet Sun, sunspots, faculae, and network. In extending the model to spectral irradiance in the near- and mid-ultraviolet, the quiet Sun and sunspot emissivities are calculated from synthetic spectra at Teff=5750 K and 5250 K, respectively. Facular emissivities are calculated using a simple synthesis procedure proposed by Solanki and Unruh (Astron. Astrophys.329, 747, 1998). The resulting time series of ultraviolet flux is calibrated against the data from the SOLSTICE instrument on the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS). Using a genetic algorithm, we invert quiet Sun corrections, profile of facular temperature variations with height, and network model parameters which yield the best fit to these data. The resulting best-fit time series reproduces quite well the solar-cycle timescale variations of UARS ultraviolet observations, as well as the short-timescale fluctuations about the 81 day running mean. We synthesize full spectra between 200 and 400 nm, and validate these against the spectra obtained by the ATLAS-1 and ATLAS-3 missions, finding good agreement, to better than 3 % at most wavelengths. We also compare the UV variability predicted by our reconstructions in the descending phase of sunspot cycle 23 to SORCE/SIM data as well as to other reconstructions. Finally, we use the model to reconstruct the time series of spectral irradiance starting in 1874, and investigate temporal correlations between pairs of wavelengths in the bands of interest for stratospheric chemistry and dynamics.