Adhikary, P., Sheppard, Z. A., Keen, S., & Van Teijlingen, E. (2017). Risky work: Accidents among Nepalese migrant workers in Malaysia, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Health Prospect, 16(2), 3–10.
Agunias, D. R. (2012). Regulating private recruitment in the Asia-middle east labour migration corridor. Bangkok, Washington, DC: International Organization for Migration and Migration Policy Institute.
Amnesty International. (2013). The dark side of migration: Spotlight on Qatar’s construction sector ahead of the world cup. London: Amnesty International. https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/MDE22/010/2013/en/. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Amnesty International. (2018). Qatar: Migrant workers unpaid for months of work by company linked to World Cup host city. https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/09/qatar-migrant-workers-unpaid-for-months-of-work-by-company-linked-to-world-cup/. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Babar, Z., & Gardner, A. (2016). Circular migration and the Gulf States. In C. Solé (Ed.), Impact of circular migration on human, political and civil rights (pp. 45–62). Berlin: Springer.
Bebbington, A. (1999). Capitals and capabilities: A framework for analyzing peasant viability, rural livelihoods and poverty. World Development, 27(12), 2021–2044.
Bener, A. (2017). Health status and working condition of migrant workers: Major public health problems. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 8, 68.
Booth, R. (2013). Qatar world cup construction ‘will leave 4,000 migrant workers dead’. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/sep/26/qatar-world-cup-migrant-workers-dead. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Bryson, A., Forth, J., & Stokes, L. (2014). Does worker well-being affect workplace performance?. London: Department of Business Innovation and Skills.
Chonghaile, C. N. (2014). Beaten, trapped, abused and underpaid—Migrant domestic workers in the UAE. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/oct/23/migrant-domestic-workers-uae-beaten-abused. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Conn, D. (2018). Qatar migrant workers are still being exploited, says Amnesty report. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/football/2018/sep/26/qatar-world-cup-workers-still-exploited-says-amnesty-report. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Conn, D. (2019). Qatar to abolish ‘kafala’ labor next January before 2022 World Cup. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2019/oct/16/qatar-abolish-kafala-january-world-cup-2022. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Connell, T. (2015). Domestic workers: ‘Bought and paid for in the Gulf States’. https://www.solidaritycenter.org/domestic-workers-bought-and-paid-for-in-the-gulf-states/. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Cummins, R. A. (1998). The second approximation to an international standard for life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 43(3), 307–334.
Diener, E. (2006). Guidelines for national indicators of subjective well-being and ill-being. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1(2), 151–157.
Diener, E., Inglehart, R., & Tay, L. (2013). Theory and validity of life satisfaction scales. Social Indicators Research, 112(3), 497–527.
Diener, E., & Ryan, K. (2009). Subjective well-being: A general overview. South African Journal of Psychology, 39(4), 391–406.
Diop, A., Johnston, T., & Le, K. T. (2015). Reform of the kafāla system: A survey experiment from Qatar. Journal of Arabian Studies, 5(2), 116–137.
Diop, A., Johnston, T., & Le, K. T. (2018). Migration policies across the GCC: Challenges in reforming the Kafala. In P. Fargues and N. Shah (Eds.), Migration to the Gulf: Policies in Sending and Receiving Countries (pp. 33–60).
Diop, A., Mustapha, S., Ewers, M., & Le, K. T. (2019). Welfare index of migrant workers in the gulf: The case of Qatar. International Migration. https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12667.
Ewers, M. (2016). Why Qatar needs a guest worker welfare index. SESRI policy brief no. 2.
Fattah, Z. (2019). Qatar’s $200 billion dash to World Cup hits a construction cliff. Bloomberg. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-07-04/qatar-s-200-billion-dash-to-world-cup-hits-a-construction-cliff. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Fottrell, S. (2015). Qatar migrant workers describe ‘pathetic’ conditions. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-32822016. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Ganji, S. K. (2016). Leveraging the World Cup: Mega sporting events, human rights risk, and worker welfare reform in Qatar. Journal on Migration and Human Security, 4(4), 221–259.
Ghani, F. (2018). Up to $10,000: What migrant workers pay for a job in GCC. https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/10000-migrant-workers-pay-job-gcc-180710130540087.html. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Gough, I., & McGregor, J. A. (2007). Well-being in developing countries: From theory to research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gulf Labour Markets, Migration and Population (GLMM). (2019). Demographic and economic module. https://gulfmigration.org/glmm-database/demographic-and-economic-module/. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Hashemi, F. M., Pourmalek, F., Tehrani, A., Abachizadeh, K., Memaryan, N., Hazar, N., et al. (2016). Monitoring social well-being in Iran. Social Indicators Research, 129(1), 1–12.
Hendriks, M. (2018). Migrant happiness: Insights into the broad well-being outcomes of migration and its determinants.
Hendriks, M., & Bartram, D. (2019). Bringing happiness into the study of migration and its consequences: What, why, and how? Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 17(3), 279–298.
HRW (Human Rights Watch). (2017). Qatar: Take urgent action to protect construction workers. https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/09/27/qatar-take-urgent-action-protect-construction-workers. Accessed 1 July 2020.
HRW (Human Rights Watch). (2019). Qatar: Migrant workers strike over work conditions. https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/08/08/qatar-migrant-workers-strike-over-work-conditions. Accessed 1 July 2020.
HRW (Human Rights Watch). (2018). Tanzania: Migrant Domestic Workers in Oman, UAE Abused. https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/11/14/tanzania-migrant-domestic-workers-oman-uae-abused. Accessed 1 July 2020.
ITUC (International Trade Union Confederation). (2014). The case against qatar, host of FIFA 2022 World Cup. Brussels, Belgium; International Trade Union Confederation. https://www.ituc-csi.org/IMG/pdf/the_case_against_qatar_en_web170314.pdf. Accessed 1 July 2020.
ITUC (International Trade Union Confederation). (2018). 2018 ITUC global rights index: The world’s worst countries for workers. Brussels, Belgium; International Trade Union Confederation. https://www.ituc-csi.org/IMG/pdf/ituc-global-rights-index-2018-en-final-2.pdf. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Johnston, T. (2017). Authoritarian abdication: Bargaining power and the role of firms in migrant welfare. Studies in Comparative International Development, 52(3), 301–326.
Judd, C. M., McClelland, G. H., & Ryan, C. S. (2011). Data analysis: A model comparison approach. Abingdon: Routledge.
Khaishgi, A. E. (2016). ‘Happiness is a serious job’: UAE’s Minister of Happiness embraces new role. The National. https://www.thenational.ae/uae/government/happiness-is-a-serious-job-uae-s-minister-of-happiness-embraces-new-role-1.201750. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Khaled, S. M., & Gray, R. (2019). Depression in migrant workers and nationals of Qatar: An exploratory cross-cultural study. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 0020764019850589.
Kumar, S. (2019). 1,400 migrant workers die in Qatar building World Cup football stadiums: TV documentary. Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1508061/media. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Longva, A. N. (1999). Keeping migrant workers in check: The Kafala system in the Gulf. Middle East Report, 1(211), 20–22.
Lovett, S. (2019). Amnesty International: Qatar’s migrant workers still being exploited. https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/world/qatar-2022-world-cup-migrant-workers-amnesty-international-report-a8763831.html. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Malit, F. T., Jr., & Naufal, G. (2016). Asymmetric information under the Kafala sponsorship system: Impacts on foreign domestic workers’ income and employment status in the GCC countries. International Migration, 54(5), 76–90.
Mariani, E. (2017). The relationship between family context and job satisfaction: A quantitative investigation. London: The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
McGillivray, M. (2007). Human well-being: Concept and measurement. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mulcahy, K., & Kollamparambil, U. (2016). The impact of rural-urban migration on subjective well-being in South Africa. The Journal of Development Studies, 52(9), 1357–1371.
Nielsen, I., & Sendjaya, S. (2014). Well-being among Indonesian labor migrants to Malaysia: Implications of the 2011 memorandum of understanding. Social Indicators Research, 117(3), 919–938.
Pal, J. S., & Eltahir, E. A. (2016). Future temperature in southwest Asia projected to exceed a threshold for human adaptability. Nature Climate Change, 6(2), 197.
Palet, L. S. (2018). Rising in the middle east: Forced labor from Africa. https://www.ozy.com/fast-forward/rising-in-the-middle-east-forced-labor-from-africa/82554. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Pattisson, P. (2013). Revealed: Qatar’s World Cup ‘slaves’. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/25/revealed-qatars-world-cup-slaves. Accessed 1 July 2020.
Poplavskaya, A., & Karabchuk, T. (2018). The subjective well-being of Emirati youth: Does work really matter? Middle East Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(1), 126–141.
Prilleltensky, I. (2008). Migrant well-being is a multilevel, dynamic, value dependent phenomenon. American Journal of Community Psychology, 42(3–4), 359–364.
Rahman, M. M. (2015). Migrant indebtedness: Bangladeshis in the GCC countries. International Migration, 53(6), 205–219.
Reza, M. M., Subramaniam, T., & Islam, M. R. (2019). Economic and social well-being of Asian labor migrants: A literature review. Social Indicators Research, 141(3), 1245–1264.
Sen, A. K. (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Knopf.
Stevenson, B., & Wolfers, J. (2013). Subjective well-being and income: Is there any evidence of satiation? American Economic Review, 103(3), 598–604.
Trung Le, K., Diop, A., Wittrock, J., Al-Emadi, D., & Elawad, E. (2014). Gender Prespecified Sampling for Cost Control. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 26(4), 441–452.
UNESCWA [United Nations Economic and Social Commission for West Asia] and IOM [International Organization for Migration]. (2018). Situation report on international migration: Migration in the arab region and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Beirut: United Nations House.
Veenhoven, R. (2000). The four qualities of life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1(1), 1–39.
Whooley, M. A., Avins, A. L., Miranda, J., & Browner, W. S. (1997). Case-finding instruments for depression: Two questions are as good as many. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 12(7), 439–445.
Wright, K. (2011). Constructing migrant well-being: An exploration of life satisfaction amongst Peruvian migrants in London. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 37(9), 1459–1475.
Zuccotti, C. V., Ganzeboom, H. B., & Guveli, A. (2017). Has migration been beneficial for migrants and their children? Comparing social mobility of Turks in Western Europe, Turks in Turkey, and Western European Natives. International Migration Review, 51(1), 97–126.