Table A2 Logistic regression models for the likelihood of subjective (in-work) poverty by different levels of objective (in-work) poverty at different levels of job instability (as share of workers with unstable job)

From: Being Working Poor or Feeling Working Poor? The Role of Work Intensity and Job Stability for Subjective Poverty

 Model 1a
Coeff.
(no interaction terms)
Model 1b
Coeff.
(Figure 2)
Model 2
Coeff.
(robustness check subj. poverty)
Objective poverty (ref.: severely poor)  
 Poor− 0.396**− 0.405**− 0.570**
[0.164][0.184][0.188]
 Vulnerable− 0.547**− 0.523**− 0.588**
[0.144][0.163][0.166]
 Non-poor− 0.776**− 0.692**− 0.888**
[0.120][0.133][0.138]
 Above the median income− 1.484**− 1.391**− 1.584**
[0.124][0.135][0.147]
Share of workers with unstable job (ref.: 0%)  
 Instability: 50%0.407**0.317− 0.418
[0.144][0.415][0.420]
 Instability: 100%0.890**1.353**0.872**
[0.121][0.279][0.282]
Nr. of workers in the household (ref.: One)  
 Two− 0.379**− 0.401**− 0.358**
[0.099][0.100][0.113]
Nr. of self-employed (ref.: none)   
 One− 0.244**− 0.228**− 0.165*
[0.085][0.084][0.094]
 Two− 0.429*− 0.406*− 0.193
[0.225][0.223][0.220]
Household members (ref.: one)   
 20.686**0.689**0.883**
[0.140][0.140][0.148]
 30.967**0.974**0.970**
[0.179][0.179][0.191]
 41.077**1.095**1.131**
[0.212][0.211][0.223]
 51.256**1.271**1.227**
[0.251][0.251][0.260]
Household composition. adult members (ref.: single)   
Couple− 0.283**− 0.281**− 0.345**
[0.128][0.129][0.135]
Presence of children < 15 (ref.: no)  
 Yes. one− 0.173*− 0.177*− 0.201*
[0.105][0.105][0.113]
 Yes. two or more− 0.318**− 0.332**− 0.280*
[0.146][0.146][0.160]
Number of foreign born household member (ref.: none) 
 At least one0.173*0.184*0.637**
[0.099][0.099][0.100]
Age of the oldest household member (ref.: < 35) 
 35–440.1000.1000.012
[0.130][0.130][0.147]
 45–640.110.1070.11
[0.129][0.129][0.145]
Highest educational level (ref.: up to lower secondary) 
 Upper secondary− 0.433**− 0.441**− 0.605**
[0.098][0.098][0.100]
 Tertiary− 1.020**− 1.026**− 1.360**
[0.112][0.113][0.120]
Home-ownership (ref.: no)   
Yes− 0.469**− 0.477**− 0.785**
[0.076][0.076][0.081]
Geographical area of residence (ref.: North)  
 Center0.256**0.260**0.063
[0.087][0.087][0.097]
South and Islands0.505**0.506**0.543**
[0.083][0.083][0.091]
Degree of urbanization (ref.: low)  
 High0.133*0.134*− 0.021
[0.069][0.069][0.076]
Interaction terms
Objective poverty * Share of workers with unstable job 
 Poor * 50% 0.7841.327*
 [0.672][0.713]
 Poor * 100% − 0.191− 0.229
 [0.489][0.452]
 Vulnerable * 50% 0.270.999*
 [0.580][0.586]
 Vulnerable * 100% − 0.312− 0.221
 [0.427][0.469]
 Non-poor * 50% − 0.1270.455
 [0.470][0.478]
 Non-poor * 100% − 0.4730.187
 [0.361][0.369]
 Above the median * 50% 0.1470.812*
 [0.449][0.455]
 Above the median * 100% − 0.920**− 0.175
  [0.356][0.371]
Constant0.442**0.384**0.547**
 [0.184][0.189][0.199]
N792279227922
  1. Notes: coefficients and standard errors (in parentheses): model 2 uses an alternative measure of subjective poverty, defined as not to be able to afford two out of three of the following items: 1 week annual holiday away from home; a meal with meat, chicken, fish every second day; to face unexpected financial expenses
  2. Source: EU-SILC 2014, Italian module. Authors’ calculations (weighted)
  3. P-value: * = 0.10, ** = 0.05