Social Indicators Research

, Volume 142, Issue 3, pp 997–1014 | Cite as

Extreme Energy Poverty Incidence and Determinants in Nigeria: A Multidimensional Approach

  • Uche M. OzughaluEmail author
  • Fidelis O. Ogwumike


Energy poverty has emerged in recent times as a crucial aspect of poverty, afflicting the developing world in general and Nigeria in particular. Drawing from some of the recent literature on energy poverty measurement, this study measures and discusses the incidence and determinants of extreme energy poverty in Nigeria based on a robust multidimensional energy poverty index that covers five major dimensions and six indicators of deprivation in basic energy services. The study uses the 2010 Harmonised Nigeria Living Standard Survey—obtained from the National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja, Nigeria—for its analysis. The results of the study show, among other things, that over a fifth of the Nigerian population are afflicted by extreme energy poverty and the phenomenon is more pronounced in the rural areas than in the urban areas as well as in Northern Nigeria than in Southern Nigeria. The results also indicate that the determinants of extreme energy poverty include region of residence, household composition as well as age, gender and educational level of household head. The Nigerian government should take urgent and adequate steps to eradicate extreme energy poverty in the country in order to pave the way for rapid and sustainable development in the country.


Multidimensional Extreme energy poverty Incidence Determinants Logistic regression Nigeria 

JEL Classification

I32 013 Q40 R20 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics, Faculty of the Social SciencesUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Economics, Faculty of the Social SciencesUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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