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Table 1 Empowerment dimensions, indicators, weights and adequacy indicators used in the WELI

From: The Women’s Empowerment in Livestock Index

Dimension Indicator Topics covered by questions contributing to indicator (components) Indicator adequacy threshold (minimum number of questions achieved)
1. Decisions about agricultural production a. Input into productive decisions Decisions on choice of livestock species or crops, breeding strategies, inputs, labor etc. 6 out of 17 questionsa
b. Autonomy in production Responsibility for animal health and food safety management 2 out of 5 questions
2. Decisions related to nutritionb (– to also include safety issues) a. Input into nutrition decisions Decisions on type and quantity of food kept and consumed 2 out of 5 questions
b. Autonomy in nutrition Responsibility for food provision related activities 1 out of 3 questions
3. Access to and control over resources a. Ownership and control of livestock assets Decisions regarding the purchase, sale or transfer of livestock assets 2 out of 7 questions
b. Ownership and control of land and crop assets Decisions regarding the purchase, sale, or transfer of crop and land assets 2 out of 5 questions
c. Credit access Loan recipient within household 1 out of 1 questions
4. Control and use of income a. Control over farm income Decisions about the use of income generated from farm-based activities 3 out of 8 questions
b. Control over non-farm income Decisions about the use of income generated from non-farm activities 3 out of 9 questions
c. Control over expenses Decisions about the use of income for household expenditures 2 out of 5 questions
5. Access to and control of opportunitiesc a. Access to markets Responsibility for marketing decisions (e.g. who decides which market to sell at) 2 out of 5 questions
b. Access to non-farm income opportunities Decisions on pursuing non-farm business or employment 1 out of 4 questions
c. Access to training, information and groups Whether female respondent has access to information or is member of group 1 out of 2 questions
6. Extent and control of work timed a. Total workload Amount of time allocated to productive and domestic tasks ≤ 10.5 h/d
b. Proportion of revenue generating workload Share of revenue-generating activities of total work-load > 20%
c. Control over own time Responsibility for allocating jobs within farm and household 5 out of 14 questions
  1. a“6 out of 17” or “2 out of 17” refer to the number of questions considered required for this indicator to assume the value of 1
  2. bNot included in the WEAI
  3. cIncluded in the WEAI but only in relation to membership in groups (called “leadership” domain the WEAI)
  4. d“Time” is a domain included in the WEAI but as “satisfaction with the time available for leisure activities”