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Social Indicators Research

, Volume 137, Issue 3, pp 965–977 | Cite as

Sense of Community and the Perception of the Socio-Physical Environment: A Comparison Between Urban Centers of Different Sizes Across Europe

  • Terri MannariniEmail author
  • Cosimo Talò
  • Evangelia Ntzani
  • Maria Kritikou
  • Lluis Serra Majem
  • Sergio Salvatore
  • Lisa Marie Warner
  • Maria Luisa Brandi
Article

Abstract

Embedded in the strand of research on the community determinants of sense of community (SoC), the study was designed to verify whether: (1) the size of the urban context was inversely related to residents’ SoC; (2) the size of the urban centers affected some of the correlates of SoC, namely the perception of social support, the residential environmental satisfaction, the residential social climate satisfaction, and the perceived reliability of local services in the areas of health, transport, administration, education, and security. The sample comprised 1254 individuals residing in a variety of towns/cities of different sizes in Southern and Northern Europe. Analyses revealed that the larger the town/city, the lower the SoC expressed by the inhabitants. They also showed that the residential environmental and social climate satisfaction, as well as perceived social support, were associated with an increase in SoC, but that there were variations in the patterns of associations according to towns/cities’ size.

Keywords

Sense of community Urban centers size Local community 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under Grant Agreement No. 602386.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History, Society and Human StudiesUniversità del SalentoLecceItaly
  2. 2.University of IoanninaIoanninaGreece
  3. 3.Hellenic Health FoundationAthensGreece
  4. 4.FIN-Nutrition Research FoundationBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.ISBEMUniversità del SalentoLecceItaly
  6. 6.Freie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  7. 7.Università degli Studi di FirenzeFlorenceItaly
  8. 8.IUIBS-University of Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain
  9. 9.CIBEROBNMadridSpain

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