Following the 2008/9 financial crisis, China instituted a 4 trillion RMB stimulus package that was spent mostly on infrastructure, with a particular impact at local level. The goal was to sustain economic growth and preserve social stability. We use the Asian Barometer surveys from shortly before and after the stimulus to examine its impact on public trust in government, and find a reversal of a previous downward trend and a substantial increase in trust in local government post stimulus. We consider a number of alternative explanations for this increase in trust, and conclude that the stimulus package is the most convincing explanation. Both perceptions of corruption and experience of corruption increased over the stimulus period. Given the strong negative correlation between corruption and trust, this implies that trust would have increased even further if the level of corruption had remained the same.
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Section 2 describes these controls in detail.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
We would like to thank seminar participants at Monash University, International Conference on Public Policy (Milan 2015), and the Chinese Economic Society of Australia (CESA) conference in Beijing (2014) for their comments. Guy Mayraz would like thank the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) for funding support.
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Li, B., Mayraz, G. Infrastructure Spending in China Increases Trust in Local Government. Soc Indic Res 132, 341–356 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-015-1223-z
- Financial crisis
- Stimulus package
- Public spending
- Social stability
- Trust in government