Social Indicators Research

, Volume 130, Issue 1, pp 277–303

A Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng Province, South Africa: Evidence from Quality of Life Survey Data

  • Darlington Mushongera
  • Precious Zikhali
  • Phindile Ngwenya

DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1176-2

Cite this article as:
Mushongera, D., Zikhali, P. & Ngwenya, P. Soc Indic Res (2017) 130: 277. doi:10.1007/s11205-015-1176-2


This paper estimates a Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng province of South Africa. The Alkire–Forster method is applied on Quality of Life survey data for 2011 and 2013 which offer an excellent opportunity for estimating poverty at smaller geographical areas. The results suggest that the Multidimensional Poverty Index for Gauteng is low but varies markedly by municipality and by ward, as well as across income groups. Not only are low income households more likely to be multidimensionally poor, they also suffer from higher intensities of poverty. Multidimensional poverty is highest in areas of low economic activity located on the edges of the province. However, pockets of multidimensional poverty do prevail even in better performing municipalities. Government, at all spheres, needs to devise policies that channel investments into lagging areas and avoid approaches that are indifferent to the heterogeneities that exist across localised geographical extents.


Multidimensional Poverty Index Headcount Intensity Quality of Life survey Gauteng South Africa 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gauteng City-Region Observatory (GCRO)JohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Poverty Programme of the World BankPretoriaSouth Africa
  3. 3.Macroeconomics and Fiscal ManagementWorld BankPretoriaSouth Africa

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