Social Indicators Research

, Volume 128, Issue 2, pp 731–750

Religiosity Moderates the Relationship between Income Inequality and Life Satisfaction across the Globe


DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1054-y

Cite this article as:
Joshanloo, M. & Weijers, D. Soc Indic Res (2016) 128: 731. doi:10.1007/s11205-015-1054-y


This paper reports two studies that sought to examine whether religiosity moderates the relationship between income inequality and life satisfaction. Practice-based and belief-based aspects of religion were both included in the analyses. Using multi-level analyses on 85 nations across the world (N = 217,591) and 27 European nations (N = 49,763), we found evidence in support of our hypothesis that religiosity mitigates the negative influence of income inequality on life satisfaction. Our results also indicate that it is religious belief, not religious practice, that functions as a buffer in the relationship between income inequality and life satisfaction. The importance and implications of the results are discussed.


Income inequality The GINI Religiosity Subjective well-being Life satisfaction Happiness 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKeimyung UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Philosophy DepartmentCalifornia State UniversitySacramentoUSA

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