Belief in the Afterlife, Death Anxiety, and Life Satisfaction of Buddhists and Christians in Thailand: Comparisons Between Different Religiosity
- 1.5k Downloads
This research studied belief in the afterlife, death anxiety, and life satisfaction, of Buddhists and Christians in Thailand. The aim of this research was to compare the variables of interest between high and low religiosity within their religion. There were two studies of 800 participants. Study 1 compared between Buddhists and meditated Buddhists in terms of the above and related variables. Study 1 had 577 participants, comprised 532 Buddhists and 45 meditated Buddhists who had already been meditating for 6 months and just finished 1-h meditation. Study 2 compared between Christians and meditated Christians who had intense involvement in religious discipline and just finished religious attendance. Study 2 had 223 participants, comprised 175 Christians and 48 meditated Christians. The results show that meditated Buddhists had more belief in the afterlife and more frequency of going to temple than Buddhists (p < .001 and p = .001, respectively). However, life satisfaction and death anxiety between Buddhists and meditated Buddhists were not significantly different (p = .349 and p = .121, respectively). Meditated Christians had less death anxiety than Christians (p < .001). Meditated Christians had more belief in the afterlife and more frequency of going to church than Christians (p < .001). However, life satisfaction between Christians and mediated Christians was not significantly different (p = .607).
KeywordsBelief in the afterlife Death anxiety Life satisfaction Religion Religiosity Meditation
The author is grateful to Faculty of Psychology, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand for a partial financial support for this project.
- Bunurapeepinyo, A. (1999). Life satisfaction of the elderly: A case study of Health Center Region 2, Bangkok. Master thesis. Field of Society Development. Graduate School. Kasetsart University.Google Scholar
- Cohen, A. B., Pierce, J. D, Jr, Chambers, J., Meade, R., Gorvine, B. J., & Koenig, H. G. (2005). Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity, belief in the afterlife, death anxiety, and life satisfaction in young Catholics and Protestants. Journal of Research in Personality, 39, 307–324. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2004.02.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ellis, A. (1988). Is religiosity pathological? Free Inquiry, 18, 27–32.Google Scholar
- Kaewkangwan, S. (1990). Alternative LSIA and life experience tests to measure life satisfaction and social behavior. In Research report at the 28th Conference of Kasetsart university, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 861–869.Google Scholar
- Kim, A. E. (2003). Religious influences on personal and societal well-being. Social Indicators Research, 62(63), 149–170.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., King, D. E., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford university press.Google Scholar
- Phetchintra, P. (1981). A comparative study of the concept of death in Buddhism and Christianity and their impacts on the behavior of the Buddhists and the Christians in Nakhonnayok. Master thesis. Field of comparative religion. Graduate School. Mahidol University.Google Scholar
- Techapanit, N. (1979). A comparatiive study of the understanding of the religious ultimate goal which has an impact on the way of life of christians and buddhists: A case study at tambon Khok Khi Non, ampoe Phan Thong Changwat Chon Buri. Master thesis. Field of comparative religion. Graduate School. Mahidol University.Google Scholar