Social Indicators Research

, Volume 122, Issue 2, pp 595–606 | Cite as

Morningness in Teachers is Related to a Higher Sense of Coherence and Lower Burnout

  • Christoph Randler
  • Manuela Luffer
  • Melanie Müller


We assessed morningness–eveningness in teachers and its relationship with sense of coherence and with burnout. The sense of coherence (SOC) is a major factor in determining how well a person manages stress and stays healthy. Burnout is defined as a three-component syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. In study I, 73 primary school teachers (16 men, 57 women, mean age: 41.27 ± 11.50 years) filled the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM) and the SOC. Morning oriented teachers reported a higher total SOC. Comprehensibility and manageability were positively related to morningness. In study II, 177 teachers (48 men, 128 women, 1 not specified, mean age: 46.0 ± 11.21 years) filled the CSM and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Morning oriented teachers had a lower emotional exhaustion. Correlation coefficients were higher in the morning affect. Personal accomplishment was positively related to morningness. These studies suggest that morningness is an influential predictor of well-being in teachers.


Burnout Maslach Burnout Inventory Morningness–eveningness Sense of coherence Teachers Well-Being 



We are grateful to the teachers and principals of the school that spend their time and filled the questionnaires.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christoph Randler
    • 1
  • Manuela Luffer
    • 1
  • Melanie Müller
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Education HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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