An Analysis of the Relative Importance of Components in Measuring Community Wellbeing: Perspectives of Citizens, Public Officials, and Experts
- 534 Downloads
Governments are showing a growing interest in community wellbeing and its measurement. While there have been numerous efforts to measure community wellbeing, current measurement systems are limited as they tend to adopt a narrow perspective of community wellbeing factors based on a top-down fashion. The purpose of this study is to empirically test the differences among citizens, public officials, and experts in relative importance of community wellbeing factors. Data were collected through a binary comparison survey that asked respondents to compare the relative importance of community wellbeing factors on a 9 point scale. We used the Analytic Hierarchy Process for analysis and the results show that citizens, public officials, and experts give different priorities to community wellbeing factors. In decreasing order of importance, citizens and public officials both give the highest priority to physical health, household income, and employment while experts chose employment, household income, and physical health. Furthermore, relative importance rankings differed among citizens depending on age, gender, and years of community involvement. These findings indicate that current community wellbeing measurements that fail to acknowledge different weighting schemes may be biased. We suggest the need for a deliberative model of community wellbeing measurement.
KeywordsCommunity wellbeing Wellbeing Community indicators Social indicators Measurement weights Bottom up method
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2013S1A3A2054622).
- Adamson, D., & Bromiley, R. (2008). Community empowerment in practice. Lessons from Communities First.Google Scholar
- Asia News Network. (2013). S. Korea’s Youth Unemployment. Retrieved from: http://www.asianewsnet.net/S-Koreas-youth-unemployment-55098.html.
- Cabinet Office. (2010). Building the Big Society. In C. Office (Ed.). London.Google Scholar
- Caplan, B. (2011). The myth of the rational voter: Why democracies choose bad policies (new edition). Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Cheong wa dae. (2013). 140 Major Government Projects. http://www1.president.go.kr/policy/assignment02.php?ass_sub_no=4 [Korean].
- Cleveland, H. (1975). How do you get everybody in on the act and still get some action? Public Management, 57, 3–6.Google Scholar
- Cobb, C., & Rixford, C. (2005). Historical background of community indicators. In R. Phillips (Ed.), Community indicators measuring systems (pp. 33–62).Google Scholar
- Crott, J. (2013, November 8). South Korean tutor makes $4 million a year. Can you? Forbes.Google Scholar
- DeSario, J., & Langton, S. (Eds.). (1987). Citizen participation in public decision making. Westport, CT: Greenwood.Google Scholar
- Fackler, M. (2009, July 6). With wounded pride, unemployed Koreans quietly turn to manual labor. New York Times.Google Scholar
- Fine, B., & Hall, D. (2012). Terrains of neoliberalism: Constraints and opportunities for alternative models of service delivery.Google Scholar
- Fishkin, J. S. (1997). The voice of the people: Public opinion and democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Harding, S. (2004). Introduction: Standpoint theory as a site of political, philosophic, and scientific debate. The feminist standpoint theory reader: Intellectual and political controversies, 1–15.Google Scholar
- Inman, P. (2013, November 26). Youth unemployment will lead to widespread poverty in old age-OECD. The Guardian.Google Scholar
- KBS World. (2012, December 20). Park Geun-hye stresses national integration and happiness of citizens. KBS World.Google Scholar
- Kim, Y., & Lee, S. (2013). The development and application of a community wellbeing index in Korean metropolitan cities. Social Indicators Research, 1–26, doi: 10.1007/s11205-013-0527-0.
- Ministry of Security and Public Administration (2013) Local resident authority will grow at the town and county level. http://www.mospa.go.kr/gpms/ns/mogaha/user/userlayout/bulletin/userBtView.action?userBtBean.bbsSeq=1023586&userBtBean.ctxCd=1012&userBtBean.ctxType=21010002&userBtBean.categoryCd. Accessed January 10, 2013.
- Norris, T. (1997). The community indicators handbook: Measuring progress toward health and sustainable communities. San Francisco: Redefining Progress.Google Scholar
- Ortega-Cerdà, M. (2005). Sustainability indicators as discursive elements. In Paper submitted at the 6th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics in Lisbon, available at http://ecoman.dcea.fct.unl.pt/projects/esee2005, 2005.
- Phillips, R. (Ed.). (2005). Community indicators measuring systems. England: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
- Progress, Redefining. (2006). The Community Indicators Handbook: Measuring Progress Toward Healthy Sustainable Communities. Oakland, CA: Redefining Progress.Google Scholar
- Ripley, A. (2013, August 3). The $4 Million Teacher. The Wall Street Journal.Google Scholar
- Saaty, T. L. (1980). The analytic hierarchy process: Planning, priority setting, resources allocation. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Saaty, T. L. (1988). What is the Analytic Hierarchy Process? In G. Mitra, H. Greenberg, F. Lootsma, M. Rijkaert, & H. Zimmermann (Eds.), Mathematical models for decision support (Vol. 48, pp. 109–121, NATO ASI Series). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
- Scott, K. (2012). A 21st century sustainable community: Discourses of local wellbeing. In S. Atkinson, S. Fuller, & J. Painter (Eds.), Wellbeing and place (pp. 185–200). Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.Google Scholar
- Sirgy, M. J., Phillips, R., & Rahtz, D. (Eds.). (2007). Community quality-of-life indicators: Best cases III. Virginia: Society for Quality of Life Studies.Google Scholar
- Sirgy, M. J., Phillips, R., & Rahtz, D. (Eds.). (2009). Community quality-of-life indicators: Best cases IV. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Sirgy, M. J., Phillips, R., & Rahtz, D. (Eds.). (2011). Community quality-of-life indicators: Best cases V. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Sirgy, M. J., Phillips, R., & Rahtz, D. (Eds.). (2013). Community quality-of-life indicators: Best Cases VI. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Sirgy, M. J., Rahtz, D., & Lee, D.-J. (Eds.). (2004). Community quality-of-life indicators: Best cases. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- Skidmore, P., Bound, K., & Lownsbrough, H. (2006). Community participation. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
- The Economist. (2013, April 27). Generation jobless. The Economist. Retrieved from: http://www.economist.com/news/international/21576657-around-world-almost-300m-15-24-year-olds-are-not-working-what-has-caused.
- The Polis Center. (2011). SAVI community information system. Retrieved from http://www.savi.org/savi/documents/DataCatalog.pdf.
- The White House. (2012). Obama Administration Establishes White House Council on Strong Cities, Strong Communities. Retrieved from: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/03/15/obama-administration-establishes-white-house-council-strong-cities-stron. Accessed November 24, 2013.
- The White House. (2013). Inaugural Address by President Barack Obama. Online: Office of the Press Secretary, The White House. Retrieved from: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/01/21/inaugural-address-president-barack-obama. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Young, I. M. (2000). Difference as a Resource for Democratic Communication. In A. Anton, M. Fisk, & N. Holmström (Eds.), Not for sale: In defense of public goods (pp. 109–126). Colorado: Westview Press.Google Scholar