Social Indicators Research

, Volume 119, Issue 1, pp 295–319 | Cite as

Patterns of Residential Adjustment for Older Person: Who will Recover and How Do They Recover? A Study in Different Residential Environments in Hong Kong

  • Kevin H. C. ChengEmail author
  • David R. Phillips
  • Oi-Ling Siu
  • Anthony G. O. Yeh


This study seeks to understand the residential adjustment process by examining patterns and rates of adjustment of older people. Research to date has reported that circumstantial and individual factors affect adjustment after residential relocation and various patterns of adjustment can occur. A representative sample of Hong Kong respondents aged 60 years or over was selected with the help of areal sampling and the use of a geographical information system analysis. The results showed that overall, many older persons experience a J-pattern (or linear pattern) of adjustment. Many who relocated to new towns were better adjusted from an early period. Conversely, those relocated to or within old urban areas adjusted at a slower rate and an ultimately lower level. The results provide grounds for optimism about older persons’ resilience with regard to relocation-related stress and some guidance for planners and policy makers.


Older persons Relocation adjustment Psychological well-being Stress resilience Trend analysis 



The research on which this article is based was supported by the University Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project Number: LU3018/01H).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin H. C. Cheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • David R. Phillips
    • 2
  • Oi-Ling Siu
    • 2
  • Anthony G. O. Yeh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation and Social SciencesTung Wah CollegeHong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.Lingnan UniversityHong KongHong Kong
  3. 3.The University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong

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