Social Indicators Research

, Volume 116, Issue 3, pp 661–679 | Cite as

A System of Sustainability Indicators for the Province of Thai Binh, Vietnam

  • Le Trinh HaiEmail author
  • Pham Hoang Hai
  • Pham Thi Thu Ha
  • Nguyen Manh Ha
  • Ly Trong Dai
  • Pham Viet Hoa
  • Nguyen Cao Huan
  • Lai Vinh Cam


Sustainable Development is a broad and universal concept. Indicators are a basis to measure sustainability and to direct policies that aim to achieve a better quality of life. Thai Binh, a coastal province in North Vietnam is strongly concerned about strategic sustainability development. To select a system of sustainability indicators, the Delphi method was applied in 2012. A two-round questionnaire was organized to use with 32 experts, who acted as participants. 69 indicators were selected from 98 listed indicators: 15 related to economic development, 5 to the sea and coastal zone, 1 to the global economic partnership, 4 to consumption and production patterns, 7 to poverty, 3 to governance, 9 to health, 4 to education, 3 to demographics, 2 to natural hazards, 5 to atmosphere, 7 to land, and 3 to freshwater. Conversely, 29 other indicators were rejected. The Delphi method allows indicator selection for identification of the process of sustainability. The system of indicators, as the first important step of the sustainable development process, provides useful information for decision makers and planners as well sustainability strategy. It is planned that the indicators selected should be applied in the province.


Thai Binh province Delphi process, experts Sustainability indicators Vietnam 



This study is a part of the project: “A scientific base for establishing an indicator system for sustainable development: a case study in the Thai Binh province, Vietnam” funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology (NAFOSTED) under grant number 105.99-2011.08. We would like to thank the Thai Binh People’s Committee and Departments (e.g. Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Technology, Agriculture and Rural Development, Planning and Investment, Transport, Trade), Institutes, and Universities for their kindness and supplying materials; experts who were most collaborative in completing the questionnaires and in providing feedback on the results. We would like to thank Mr. James Hennessy (Australian—Sustainable Development Research Assistant, Vietnam National Museum of Nature) who helped us ensure correctness of English.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Le Trinh Hai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pham Hoang Hai
    • 1
  • Pham Thi Thu Ha
    • 2
  • Nguyen Manh Ha
    • 1
  • Ly Trong Dai
    • 1
  • Pham Viet Hoa
    • 3
  • Nguyen Cao Huan
    • 4
  • Lai Vinh Cam
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geography (IG)Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)HanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of EnvironmentHanoi University of Science, Vietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Space Technology Institute (STI)Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)HanoiVietnam
  4. 4.Faculty of GeographyHanoi University of Science, Vietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam

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