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Social Indicators Research

, Volume 116, Issue 2, pp 389–407 | Cite as

Weekends and Subjective Well-Being

  • John F. Helliwell
  • Shun Wang
Article

Abstract

This paper exploits the richness and large sample size of the Gallup/Healthways US daily poll to illustrate significant differences in the dynamics of two key measures of subjective well-being: emotions and life evaluations. We find that there is no day-of week effect for life evaluations, represented here by the Cantril Ladder, but significantly more happiness, enjoyment, and laughter, and significantly less anxiety, sadness, and anger on weekends (including public holidays) than on weekdays. We then find strong evidence of the importance of the social context, both at work and at home, in explaining the size and likely determinants of the weekend effects for emotions. Weekend effects are twice as large for full-time paid workers as for the rest of the population, and are much smaller for those whose work supervisor is considered a partner rather than a boss and who report trustable and open work environments. A large portion of the weekend effects is explained by differences in the amount of time spent with friends or family between weekends and weekdays (7.1 vs. 5.4 h). The extra daily social time of 1.7 h in weekends raises average happiness by about 2 %.

Keywords

Weekend effects Life evaluations Emotions Happiness Subjective well-being Holidays Cantril Ladder Day-of-week effects 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vancouver School of EconomicsUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.KDI School of Public Policy and ManagementDongdaemue Gu, SeoulKorea

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