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Voluntary Work in Europe: Comparative Analysis Among Countries and Welfare Systems

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Abstract

The main contribution of this paper to the research of volunteering participation is considering simultaneously different levels of data aggregation: individual, country and welfare regimen. This strategy allows us identifying individual factors (socio-demographic variables) and contextual data (government expenditures on social issues and GDP), as well as comparing different political backgrounds (welfare systems). Our results suggest that socio-demographic characteristics and contextual data are important predictors of volunteer rates. Macro-policies might be effective tools to promote national volunteering participation, because international differences on volunteer rates smooth with the introduction of national contextual data.

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Notes

  1. More information about Social Economy and the European Commission in: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/promoting-entrepreneurship/social-economy/.

  2. Our results for socio-demographic and economic characteristics are similar to the previous literature review. We do not report the whole estimation outcome to improve result presentation. Complete set of results are available to authors under request.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Prof. Beatriz Gonzalez Valcárcel for her comments and suggestions. The usual disclaimer applies.

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Correspondence to Ana I. Gil-Lacruz.

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Gil-Lacruz, A.I., Marcuello, C. Voluntary Work in Europe: Comparative Analysis Among Countries and Welfare Systems. Soc Indic Res 114, 371–382 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-012-0150-5

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