Social Indicators Research

, Volume 111, Issue 2, pp 511–526 | Cite as

A Preliminary Examination of Covitality as Integrated Well-Being in College Students

  • Camille N. Jones
  • Sukkyung You
  • Michael J. FurlongEmail author


The emergence of positive psychology has generated increased interest about the correlates of positive psychological functioning. Researchers have identified and studied various positive psychological constructs (e.g., hope, optimism, self-efficacy, gratitude, and life satisfaction) and found them to covary and to be positively associated with optimal human functioning and negatively associated with mental illness. This study of 528 college students examined the co-occurrence of selected positive psychological traits and explored their relations with a proposed second-order latent construct called covitality and with psychological well-being. Structural equation modeling examined each first-order positive psychology construct related to the second-order concept of covitality. Findings supported the second-order latent factor model of covitality, which was also significantly related to indicators of psychological well-being. Implications for theory development related to understanding positive human resources and applications within the context of college student populations are discussed.


Covitality Positive psychology Well-being College students Psychological well-being 



This work was partially supported by the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund granted to Sukkyung You and is based on the doctoral dissertation of Camille Jones.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camille N. Jones
    • 2
  • Sukkyung You
    • 3
  • Michael J. Furlong
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Counseling, Clinical, and School PsychologyUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Cypress-Fairbanks School DistrictHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Hankuk University of Foreign StudiesDongdaemun-gu, SeoulKorea

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