Social Indicators Research

, Volume 90, Issue 3, pp 441–458

The ‘What’, ‘Why’ and ‘How’ of Employee Well-Being: A New Model


DOI: 10.1007/s11205-008-9270-3

Cite this article as:
Page, K.M. & Vella-Brodrick, D.A. Soc Indic Res (2009) 90: 441. doi:10.1007/s11205-008-9270-3


This paper examines the ‘what’, ‘why’ and ‘how’ of employee well-being. Beginning with the ‘what’ of well-being, the construct of mental health was explored with the aim of building a model of employee well-being. It was proposed that employee well-being consists of three core components: (1) subjective well-being; (2) workplace well-being and (3) psychological well-being. Following this, the ‘why’ of employee well-being was investigated; that is, why employee well-being should be an important matter for organisations. It was argued that employee well-being is an important precursor to organisational well-being, as indicated by its links to employee turnover and performance. The next section was concerned with the ‘how’ of employee well-being; that is, how well-being can be reliably enhanced. Drawing on two models of strengths and a practice model of psychological assessment, it was asserted that strength-based development can reliably enhance employee well-being. A solid framework for understanding and measuring employee well-being is offered in the hope that it will foster a more integrated approach to assessing and optimising employee well-being.


Mental health Employee well-being Performance Turnover Strengths Subjective well-being Psychological well-being Positive psychology 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological MedicineMonash UniversityCaufield CampusAustralia

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