Two cross-sectional studies were conducted to examine the relationships between gratitude and athletes’ well-being. Study 1 examines the relationship between dispositional gratitude and well-being, while Study 2 investigates the relationship between sport-domain gratitude and well-being. In Study 1, 169 Taiwanese senior high school athletes (M = 16.43, SD = 0.7 years) were administered the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(1), 112–127), Team Satisfaction Scale (Walling et al. 1993, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 15, 172–183), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener et al. 1985, Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75), and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ; Raedeke and Smith, 2001, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23(4), 281–306). In Study 2, a separate sample of 265 adolescent athletes (M = 16.47 years, SD = 0.7) were administered the modified Sport-domain GQ, Team Satisfaction Scale, and ABQ. Study 1 results showed that dispositional gratitude positively predicts team satisfaction and life satisfaction, and negatively predicts athlete burnout. Findings from Study 2 revealed that sport-domain gratitude positively predicts team satisfaction and negatively predicts athlete burnout. A stronger gratitude and well-being relationship was observed in Study 2. This research provides the initial verification that gratitude and adolescent athletes’ well-being are related. Possible mechanism of this relation, limitations, and practical implications are discussed.
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We thank Shih-Yi Chang and Chih-Ching Chu for their kind assistance during the data collection process. We also thank Robert Emmons for permiting us to translate the GQ-6 into Chinese, and Yi-Chen Lee for her help in developing the Sport-domain Gratitude Questionnaire. The second author, Ying Hwa Kee, is grateful to the Taiwan Government for the Taiwan Scholarship awarded to him in support of his doctoral education.
I have so much to be thankful for, during the course of my training.
If I had to list everything in my sport career that I felt grateful for, I think it would be a very long list.
When I look at my sport career, I don’t see much to be grateful for.
I am grateful to many coaches or teammates.
As I get older I find myself more able to appreciate the help given by coaches or teammates, who have been part of my life history.
Long amounts of time can go by before I feel grateful to coaches or teammates.
Note: items 3 and 6 are reversely scored items
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Chen, L.H., Kee, Y.H. Gratitude and Adolescent Athletes’ Well-Being. Soc Indic Res 89, 361–373 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-008-9237-4
- Positive psychology